The middle or the medieval period represents that period in Europe lying between the fall of the Rome in 476 CE and the commencement of the Renaissance around the 14th century. The writers and artists started to embrace the art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Immediately after the fall of Rome, the government was not able to unify the people in the European continent. The Catholic Church gained so much power (HISTORY.com). Most of their leaders became powerful due to their close ties with the church. The Islamic religion also grew significantly. Towards the end of the 11th century, the Catholic Church came up in arms against the Muslim ad started to drive them away.
The literary works were written in Old English. The period was marked by the Norman conquest of England. One of the greatest literary works was the “The General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales” by Chaucer (HISTORY.com). The renaissance culture starts I Italy around the 15th century before spreading to the rest of Europe. It put more emphasis on chastity and housewifery. Only the daughters of Puritans and Nobility were able to access education. William Shakespeare also belonged to this period.
The early modern and/or restoration period commences in 1660. It is during this year that the Stuart King in exile, Charles II was reinstated back to the English throne. During this era, great success was witnessed in the commercial industry and the international trade for Britain. There was an upsurge in the levels of literacy, leading to the incorporation of both the middle-class group and the poor folks. Social values and ethics were embraced and people became mo...
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...ed and took new dimensions that were non-existent before then. This was a period marked by politics and religious differences especially between the Catholics and the Protestants. This resulted mostly from the Glorious Revolution of 1688. After this time, people began to uphold values and standards of behavior (Dettmar and Damrosch). These values were reflected in every aspect of life including literature.
The period between 1660 and 1785 can be divided into three parts, each spanning for about 40 years in as far as literary principles are concerned. 1660-1700 marked by the death of John Dryden put emphasis on decorum (Stephen Greenblatt) 1700-1745 period marked by the deaths of Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift emphasized on satire and a broader public readership. 1745 – 1784 period marked by the death of Samuel Johnson was rooted in revolutionary ideas.
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