The Micronutrient-Enriched LNS Essay

The Micronutrient-Enriched LNS Essay

Length: 1186 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Compliance assessment did have certain limitations. For instance, it was not known if the infant was the one who consumed the lipid-based nutritional supplements. It is widely acknowledged that, in developing countries, supplements and other food interventions are often shared among family and friends. The only way of being certain that the infant included in the trial consumed the amount specified would be through daily observations. These could take place in their homes, making the study much more difficult logistically and thereby time-consuming and costly for the researchers, or at a central location in the community, which would require more effort on the part of the mothers and would probably decrease compliance.

The positive effect on the blood markers of iron status suggests that the micronutrients-enriched LNS was indeed consumed by the infants and that the iron was bioavailable and efficiently absorbed, with the aid of vitamin C. Multiple micronutrient supplements with iron included in the composition have improved iron status in the past just as well as iron supplements alone (Smuts et al. 2005). The current findings confirm that a combined supplement can have significant effects on iron status.

Seeing as mean serum zinc was not higher in the intervention children than in the controls, it appears that either the zinc was not absorbed or the outcome measured was not an accurate indicator of true zinc status. The bioavailability of the zinc was tested previously, and it was highly bioavailable in its current form. Recent studies have shown that iron does not inhibit the absorption of zinc, both in trials with infants (Domellof et al. 2009) and with mathematical models (Miller et al. 2013). Therefore, plasma zinc conce...


... middle of paper ...


...e way of doing this would be to collect information about breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices before the start of a trial in order to help determine the types of micronutrients and the exact amounts needed in the supplement.

The short-term benefits associated with multiple micronutrient supplementation might not be worth the risks. A review of trials using micronutrient powders came to the same conclusions as the current study. Haemoglobin concentration improved and iron deficiency anaemia was reduced, but there was no effect on linear growth and the incidence of diarrhoea increased (Bhutta et al. 2013). A higher prevalence of diarrhoea in the intervention groups is worrisome, so more research is needed to determine the ideal composition of multiple micronutrient supplements for children who live in developing countries with a high infectious burden.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Micronutrient Enriched, LNS to Enhance Linear Growth: A Randomised Controlled Trial

- Infants aged 6 months invited to participate in the study were blocked randomized such that 106 were placed in the control (LNS) arm and 102 were placed in the intervention (LNS+MN) arm. The baseline anthropometry and micronutrient characteristics were similar across groups (Table 2). Prevalence of underweight was 3% and 3.1%, stunting was 7.1% and 6.8%, and wasting was between 3.0 and 3.8% in the LNS and LNS+MN groups, respectively. Iron deficiency anemia was 19.9% in LNS group and 19.3% in the LNS+MN group....   [tags: lns, micronutrients, zinc]

Strong Essays
1776 words (5.1 pages)

Fighting the Stunting Epidemic in Senegal Essay

- Stunting affects 27% of Senegal’s population (1). It is known that stunting caused by inadequate complementary feeding leads to many problems later in life, including poor cognitive performance, higher risk of infection and low offspring birth-weight (2, 3). Lipid based nutrient supplements (LNS) are widely used to treat severe acute malnutrition and have recently been involved in trials that suggests they also improve linear growth(3-5). The supplements are calorie dense, so only a small amount needs to be consumed at a time by the infant to provide energy for growth....   [tags: health, micronutrient, supplement]

Strong Essays
1502 words (4.3 pages)

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Is Built On Enriched Uranium Fuel, Proliferation Concerns Associated With Enrichment And Reprocessing

- To the extent that the deployed fuel cycle is built on enriched uranium fuel, proliferation concerns associated with enrichment and reprocessing technologies must be addressed. One option is the use of alternative nuclear fuel cycles and recycling. This would allow to produce ultra-high burn-up fuels and would create waste forms that pose far less long-term concerns. This option presents a central tradeoff: the more fuel is recycled, the better its waste form. However, more separation steps increase the technical challenges....   [tags: Nuclear power, Enriched uranium]

Strong Essays
859 words (2.5 pages)

Effect of Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements on Child Growth in Senegal Essay

- The objective was to test the hypothesis that a lipid-based nutritional supplement enriched with micronutrients (LNS+MN) would enhance linear growth in rural African young children compared to a paste without micronutrients (LNS). Methods: Senegalese children (n=208) were enrolled at 6 months and assigned to one of the two arms (LNS+MN or LNS) of the double-blind randomized trial. Caregivers were asked to give a 20g daily dose of supplement (108kcal) to their child for a 12-month period. The primary outcome was length....   [tags: child growth, nutritional supplements, senegal]

Strong Essays
1838 words (5.3 pages)

Breast Milk Is Enriched With Growth And Immunological Factors Essay

- Breast milk is enriched with growth and immunological factors, and also macronutrients, and micronutrients. A few examples of growth factors include Neuronal growth factors and Epidermal growth factors. Neuronal growth factors such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) allow the enhancement of peristalsis, which is the movement of food, and increases the survival and outgrowth of neurons (Ballard and Morrow). Epidermal growth factors is highest in early milk and decreases during the duration of lactation....   [tags: Breastfeeding, Infant, Breast milk, Blood sugar]

Strong Essays
1851 words (5.3 pages)

The Importance of Micronutrients in the Diet Essay

- The human body requires small amounts of nutrients in microgram or milligram quantities in our diet because it cannot synthesize the necessary amounts on its own. These nutrients are considered micronutrients. Micronutrients are a combination of water, vitamins, and minerals. Vitamins are organic compounds that do not provide energy, but are essential to the body in helping “aid in metabolism, as well as the growth, development and maintenance of body tissues” (Byrd-Bredbenner, Moe and Beshgetoor 402)....   [tags: health, nutrition, vitamins, minerals]

Strong Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

Quality of Life Applicability to The Service Enriched Housing Environment

- I. Known Scales and Instruments Nominal and Operational Definition Quality of life refers to individual’s subjective evaluation of the degree to which his or her most important needs, goals and wishes have been fulfilled (Frisch, Cornell, Villanueva and Retzlaff, 1992). Along with negative and positive affect, these features are seen as part of the broader construct of subjective well being and happiness. There have been established links between anxiety, depression, alcohol use, physiological and somatic disorders and the quality of life as defined by the Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI)....   [tags: Psychology, QOLI]

Strong Essays
1709 words (4.9 pages)

The Special Canines Who Have Enriched My Life Essay

- The Special Canines Who Have Enriched My Life Throughout my life there has only been a handful of dogs that made an impression. I am only going to focus on three, though there were a few more I have known. So as with any story, allow me to start from the beginning... I was born in the small town of Oakridge Oregon. I was a home water birth in our bathtub, inside a house located in a cul-de-sac called View Court. We only had a few neighbors, but the ones we did have were all closely associated with our family....   [tags: Dog, Dog breed, Dog health, Labrador Retriever]

Strong Essays
1588 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Enriched Air Nitrox

- The following should allow anyone who is either unfamiliar with Nitrox, or confused by the terminology, to reach a point where they can follow a discussion on the subject. It may also serve as a starting point for those who wish to learn about Nitrox. The biggest question is "What is Nitrox?" Well, the air we breathe is Nitrox. Air consists mostly of two gases: Nitrogen (79%) and Oxygen (21%), and there are some trace gases that are also in the air, they exist in such small quantities that we can ignore them....   [tags: Descriptive Nitrox]

Free Essays
1086 words (3.1 pages)

A Healthier Lifestyle: Staying Away from Industrilized Foods Essay

- The choice between processed foods and vitamin enriched food is in fact a choice best made for our society’s future. Through the years there has been much debate about how to resolve the problems regarding the Standard American Diet. People nowadays have become accustomed to the fast food restaurants on every corner and do not think much of its long-term effects. Now why might this be. Well the marketers and food producers of today have discovered the wonders of artificial flavoring and other means of improving the foods taste....   [tags: processed, vitamin enriched foods]

Strong Essays
1416 words (4 pages)