Methods of Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay example

Methods of Treating Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay example

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When humans undergo traumatic events that threaten their safety and wellbeing, they may become vulnerable to nightmares, fear, excessive anxiety, depression, and trembling. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychological illness that results from the occurrence of a “terribly frightening, life-threatening, or otherwise unsafe experience” (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), 2012). This condition often leads to unbearable stress and anxiety. PTSD is significantly prevalent as indicated by data from the National Co-morbidity Survey which shows that at a particular time in their lives, 7.8% of 5, 877 adults in America suffered from PTSD (Andrew & Bisson, 2009). In the general population, the lifetime prevalence is estimated at 8%, with the rate of occurrence in women being 2-3 times higher than in men. If PTSD is left unattended, it follows a chronic course which culminates in major impairments in relational and social functioning (Denys, Witteveen, Langeland, & Olff, 2010). Therefore, developing therapeutic interventions is of paramount importance. This paper discusses the various therapeutic options that can be employed and the rationale behind each treatment method. The discussion shall be supported by evidence-based research from credible sources.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can be treated using various methods and all focus on helping the affected person cope or overcome the traumatic experience through a gradual process. In essence, treatment does not aim at keeping the trauma or the reminder of it at bay; instead, it aims at helping the patient remember and process sensations and emotions that were originally experienced during the event (Smith & Segal, 2011). Besides offering an escape route for the emotions t...


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When administered in patients with PTSD, oxytocin acts by reducing the activation of amygdala while at the same time decreasing coupling in the brain areas involved in behavioral and autonomic responses to fear. The significance of this finding is seen in the fact that in patients with PTSD, the amygdala is highly responsive. This region of the brain plays a central role in regulating how people respond to danger signals. In addition, the sympathetic nervous system is usually highly active in victims of PTSD besides the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system being dysregulated. Therefore, administering oxytocin in the process of cognitive-behavioral therapy can help dampen reactivity to stress. Consequently, the frequency and intensity of stress symptoms brought about by the condition, can be ameliorated (Denys, Witteveen, Langeland, & Olff, 2010).

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