Perhaps the phrase “good will” is unsatisfactorily vague, at least concerning Kant’s intended definition of good will. Accordingly, subsequent to Kant’s commencing expression, he notes that “understanding, wit, judgement,” and other “talents of the mind,” including “confidence, resolve, and persistence” are both “good and desirable, but they can also be extremely evil and harmful,” if one’s will is not good. For example, an active kleptomaniac is more than likely an experienced thief, who is perchance confident, persistent and, well, talented (in thievery); albeit this hypothetical thief boasts misleadingly advantageous attributes, he is very clearly ill-intentioned. Ergo, good will does not have to generate straightforwardly positive results, insofar as one’s will is good; according to Kant, good will is similar to a jewel – it can “shine by itself, as something that has full worth in itself.” Considering it is comprehensively solitary, that is indicative that good will is unconcerned with anything but good will, including (but not limited to) conceding to humanly inclinations, undesirable consequences, etcetera; good will is “higher than anything that can ever be brought about by it.” Attaining morality by means of a method that is seemingly tran...
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...d not intentionally cause this elderly woman to fall. Lastly, “duty is the necessity of an action from respect for the law” – i.e., respect for Kant’s explanation of the “categorical imperative,” or, moral obligation. And of course, actions that are entirely contradictory to duty are undoubtedly undutiful.
Conclusively, duty is neither associated with predisposed proclivities, nor yieldings, so, moral obligation and respect for moral obligation (the categorical imperative) and both arriving at a “maxim” through A priori, or reason and complying with moral obligation describes a dutiful action – one that established upon good will. On that account, good will is, within itself, the foundation of morality; or, congruent to Kant’s claim, “It (moral worth) can lie nowhere else than in the principle of the will, regardless of the ends that can be affected by such action.”
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