Essay PreviewMore ↓
Through the course of the play, King Lear goes through a process of attaining self-knowledge. With this knowledge, he goes through a metamorphosis of person, much like a caterpillar's change into a butterfly. In the beginning, King Lear's vanity, and the image and exercise of power dominate his person. But a series of losses (based on his own bad decisions), a wise "fool", a powerful storm, a seemingly crazy man, and the death of one who truly loved him clear his vision and allow him to see himself and the world as they truly are. The pain and suffering endured by Lear eventually tears down his strength and sanity. Lear is not as strong, arrogant, and filled with pride as he seems in the beginning of the play. Instead he a is weak, scared and confused old man. At the end of the play Lear has completely lost his sanity with the loss of his daughter, Cordelia and this is the breaking point that leads Lear to his death.
In the beginning, King Lear shows his need for praise is how he chooses to divide his kingdom among his daughters. The one who praises him with the most "love" shall receive the largest area of land. This is even more evident when considering that Lear already has divided up the kingdom before the praising even begins, as he gives each daughter her land before hearing the next daughter's praise. Thus the entire arbitration is just a show and an ego boost to himself. It is because of his love for praise that makes him react so strongly to Cordelia when she chooses not to join in the act with her sisters. King Lear is much like a child and tends to have huge fits when things do not go the way he planned. This is shown in his banishment of Cordelia and Kent. Kent is probably one of the most loyal towards Lear besides Gloucester, and it is Cordelia that truly does love Lear. But because they choose not to contribute to this hypocritical "show of love", they are banished. He even threatens to kill Kent if he is found in ten days. Lear says,
"Upon our kingdom; if, on the tenth day following
Thy banished trunk be found in our dominions,
The moment of thy death. Away! By Jupiter,
This shall not be revoked (Act I Sc. I 179-182).
How to Cite this Page
"Metamorphosis of King Lear." 123HelpMe.com. 15 Aug 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Shakespeare’s stylistic devices convey not only a feeling of dejected despondency and suffocating anguish, but also tempestuous petulance and melancholic despair to illustrate the consequences of a lack of self-awareness and the painful process of enlightenment which follows. In addition, the breaking of the filial bond provides this necessary hardship for Lear which elicits both a feeling of pity for his state of affairs and retribution for the vanity which previously consumed him. However, these feelings eventually morph into a sense of resolution as Lear gains understanding of his past mistakes and displays an unwavering resolve as a result.... [tags: William Shakespeare, imagery, tragedy]
1149 words (3.3 pages)
- Human nature is a concept that has interested scholars throughout history. Many have debated over what human nature is – that is, the distinguishing characteristics that are unique to humans by nature – while others have mulled over the fact that the answer to the question “what is human nature?” may be unattainable or simply not worth pursuing. Shakespeare explores the issue of human nature in his tragedy King Lear. In his play, he attempts to portray that human nature is either entirely good or entirely evil.... [tags: Niccolo Machiavelli, Nicomachean Ethics]
1435 words (4.1 pages)
- King Lear's Transition in Shakespeare's Play, King Lear In the play King Lear, by William Shakespeare, the main character, Lear, takes the audience through his journey toward his enlightenment. At the beginning of the play Lear appears to be an arrogant man who is too much of the flesh. He associates money and power with love and respect. Thus, when Lear has given all this material possessions to his daughters, Goneril and Regan, he begins his long journey of self discovery. Through an analysis of two passages, one can see the transition of Lear from a man blinded by the flesh to a caring and compassionate madman that sees the truth.... [tags: King Lear Essays]
1079 words (3.1 pages)
- Tragedy of King Lear Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth and King Lear are the four most prominent and revered works that William Shakespeare had ever produced, though the first three that I mentioned seem to be recognized as more superior to King Lear. The opinion of many critics and others who are familiar with the bard’s work, myself included, feel that King Lear is one of, if not, the greatest achievement in William Shakespeare's repertoire. Many people, however, on the other side of the token, feel that King Lear is not his best play by far which puzzles me as a reader.... [tags: Essays on King Lear]
422 words (1.2 pages)
- The Redemption of King Lear It is said that no other playwright illustrates the human condition like William Shakespeare. Furthermore, it is said that no other play illustrates the human condition like King Lear. The story of a bad king who becomes a good man is truly one of the deepest analyses of humanity in literary history; and it can be best seen through the evolution of Lear himself. In essence, King Lear goes through hell in order to compensate for his sins. Lear's relationship with his three daughters, Goneril, Regan and Cordelia, is, from the beginning, very uncharacteristic of the typical father-daughter relationship.... [tags: King Lear essays]
740 words (2.1 pages)
- King Lear's Folly In Shakespeare's King Lear, the actions of King Lear and of his daughters bring ruin and chaos to England. Social structures crumble, foreign invaders threaten the land, and, in a distinctly non-Hollywood ending, almost everyone dies tragically. The outlook is very bleak, as many of the problems are left unresolved at the end of the play: There is no one in line to assume sovereignty, and justice and virtue have not been restored to their proper places in the country's structure.... [tags: King Lear essays]
1201 words (3.4 pages)
- The Characters of Goneril and Cordelia in King Lear Nothing makes a story like a good villain, or in this case, good villainess. They are the people we love to hate and yearn to watch burn. Goneril, of Shakespeare’s King Lear, is no exception. Her evils flamed from the very beginning of the play with her lack of sincerity in professing her love for her father: "Sir, I love you more than word can wield the matter; Dearer than eyesight, space, and liberty; Beyond what can be valued, rich or rare; No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, honour; As much as child e'er loved, or father found; A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable.... [tags: King Lear essays]
943 words (2.7 pages)
- The tragedy of Shakespeare’s King Lear is made far more tragic and painful by the presence and suffering of the king's youngest daughter, Cordelia. While our sympathy for the king is somewhat restrained by his brutal cruelty towards others, there is nothing to dampen our emotional response to Cordelia's suffering. Nothing, that is, at first glance. Harley Granville-Barker justifies her irreconcilable fate thus: "the tragic truth about life to the Shakespeare that wrote King Lear... includes its capricious cruelty.... [tags: King Lear essays]
1509 words (4.3 pages)
- Stampfer and The Catharsis of King Lear At the end of King Lear, when the only characters left standing are Albany, Edgar, and Kent, is the audience supposed to come away from the play with any feeling other than remorse. This search for emotional release by the audience is one which J. Stampfer believes is the most profound problem in King Lear. The overriding critical problem in King Lear is that of its ending. The deaths of Lear and Cordelia confront us like a raw, fresh wound where our every instinct calls for healing and reconciliation.... [tags: King Lear essays]
1171 words (3.3 pages)
- King Lear King Lear of Britain has decided to abdicate his throne. In order to bestow his kingdom between his three daughters; Goneril, Regan and Cordelia he calls them together. His intentions are to split the kingdom between them based on each’s expression of love for him. The two older daughters sweetly talk their way in their father’s heart for sizable kingdoms. Cordelia however, the youngest and Lear’s favorite, sees the sinister motivations of her sisters and tells her father of her deep true feelings.... [tags: King Lear]
396 words (1.1 pages)
Lear puts a misplaced importance on words, appearance and position. One only needs to impress Lear with pleasing words or actions, but with Lear's gullibility, they do not need to be true. This is characterized by Lear quick acceptance of the disguised Kent. When Kent presents himself to King Lear after being banished, Kent uses Lear's gullibility and praise in order to win the position. In this case, it's the image of authority that Kent appeals to.
"Lear: Does thou know me, fellow?
Kent: No, sir; but you have that in your countenance which I would fain call master. Lear: What's that?
Kent: Authority (Act I Sc. IV 26-30)
As with many of today's corporate jobs, saying the right things to those in charge can get you many things regardless of your qualifications. Because Kent tells Lear that he radiates authority, Lear gives him a chance to serve him. King Lear continues to show his need for ego reinforcement with his keeping of a hundred knights. These knights are hardly around for noble deeds as one might assume knights to be doing. They seem to be a band of men who eat, drink, and go hunting with him. Lear's knights provide a blanket of security by always praising Lear, and leaving him someone he can exercise command over. His need for them becomes more apparent when Goneril suggests that not keep them. Lear becomes extremely angry with her and harshly accuses her of being ungrateful, only after he asks the gods to render her unable to bear children. This is a rather unpleasant thing to say to his own daughter, not to mention one he just gave half of his kingdom to, just for suggesting he does not keep a band of hoodlums around to reassure his power.
Lear's turning point begins when he is outside in the storm. After unhappily leaving Gloucester's castle, Lear and the Fool find themselves outside in a fierce storm. It is through his anger over his last confrontation with his daughters and the power of the storm that begin the process of change within Lear. This change, at heart, is a change of vision (this is true for most of the characters in this play). Lear begins to see himself, his children, and the world around him differently, much to the help of the fool. During Lear's time in the storm, he realizes the treachery of his daughters Regan and Goneril. He expresses his anger by hoping the storm will be even more fierce to him. Lear goes on to state that since those who owe him everything are so harmful to him, why shouldn't the storm which owes him nothing be any less? But it is also here that Lear begins to see himself not as the "Almighty King", but as a poor, weak and despised old man. Though, he still believes himself to not fully be at fault as he says, " I am a man more sinned against than sinning (Act III Sc. II 59.)"
Lear goes through another change, and begins to think of others in the process. Lear then gains the self knowledge of how he has not helped the poor. He states that he must be exposed to the same harshness they have endured. He believes this will be part of some heavenly justice. Continuing on the lines of humanity, Lear begins to see humans as no more than animals, except that humans are clothed. Because clothes play a very important in the visual image of kingship, this is a very important revelation for Lear. At this point though, his sanity takes yet another step away as he tries to take off his clothes to try to truly be the animal that he is. These "steps" continue as Lear holds a trial using the animals in the hovel to represent his daughters. He even believes that his own dogs are against him. Though his sanity may be decreasing, his self realization and true understanding of people seems to increase.
The final leg of Lear's journey of self-knowledge is taken with his true and honest daughter, Cornelia. Upon waking to Cordelia's voice, Lear is in a state of disillusion, but also of great humility. He offers to drink poison if she so wishes it, for he knows he wrongly punished her when it was her sisters loved him the least. Lear show more of his humility when he asks Cordelia to forget and forgive since he is old and foolish. When Lear returns carrying the body of Cordelia, he has finally won the battle within. It is a shame thought that the death of his daughters brought about this self-discovery.
Lear's self-discovery is not just the discovery of one man's self,
but a collection of discoveries. Lear makes the error of casting aside the good daughter and is punished for it. Gloucester's major flaw was adultery and this backfires when his bastard son resents his illegitimacy and moves to displace both Edgar and Gloucester. The story seems to come full circle at the end, as the play ends as it began with Lear and his three daughters on stage. This time, all three are dead and Lear as well. Kent and Gloucester spoke to open the play and here Kent and the new Earl of Gloucester (Edgar) have the last two lines to end the play. Moreover, the kingdom is being divided in both cases with Lear as the divider in the beginning and Albany in the end. They were the only two characters who are seen to grow and develop over the course of the play Everything that happened to these characters are affected by Lear in one way or another, but if none of these events had taken place, then none of the characters would have gained the knowledge of themselves or of each other. Though most eventually paid for this knowledge with their lives, what would their lives have been without it?