The first sentence of The Metamorphosis describes Gregor Samsa’s transformation into a monstrous creature. Initially, Gregor believed his metamorphosis from human to vermin was a dream, as he tried to forget the “nonsense “ of his transformation by going back to sleep. Gregor tries “a hundred times” to close his eyes in order to banish the sight of his “floundering legs” before becoming exasperated, giving up, and cursing his job for causing exhaustion. This is a very important passage of The Metamorphosis for three reasons: firstly, the passage reveals the nature of Gregor’s metamorphosis; Secondly, the tone of the passage divulges the absurdity of Gregor’s response to transforming into a bug by exposing his passivity; and finally, the passage mentions Gregor’s job as a traveling salesman. Gregor’s transition, passivity, and employment are significant characterizations that highlight his dehumanization and affect his relationship with his father.
Before Gregor woke from troubled dreams” to find himself “transformed in his bed into a horrible vermin,” he was a traveling salesman working to pay off the debt his family had acquired five years ago after the collapse of his father’s business. Gregor is akin to a machine, as he is described as “only ever thinking ab...
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...all. In part one of the novella Gregor contemplates whether he should call his family to help him get out of bed. However, then he remembers that they would have no way of entering his room, as he had locked his door out of a “habit” acquired from his job. The locked door represents a physical wall between Gregor and his family, which increases their literal and figurative distance. Again, Gregor has allowed his job to limit his human interaction, which promotes his alienation and subsequently his dehumanization. The image of the model from illustrated magazine also represents Gregor’s alienation, as made the frame and it was important to him, which would constitute an important picture, however the picture is not of his family, its of a stranger. – the stranger has greater significance than his own family, as if it would not occur to him to put them in the frame.
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