The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

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The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a gloomy tale about a young man, Gregor Samsa, who transformed into a bug. He is endowed with human pathos among heartless characters that continue to alienate him, even after his physical transformation that left him unrecognizable by the people closest to him. His metamorphosis is an extension of the alienation he already felt as a person by his family. Gregor soon realizes that the very people you help, often leave you helpless.
Gregor is the son of middle-class family in Prague. He has been the sole supporter of his family since his father lost business and fell into depression because of his financial loss. The Samsas are in a great amount of debt; Gregor, the dutiful son, takes over their debt as his own. But it is a debt that he cannot repay, that chains him, and ultimately contributes to the loss of his humanity (Breckman). To help his family, Gregor took a job with one of his father 's creditors and became a traveling salesman. After Gregor took the job, his father stopped working altogether. His mother did not work because she was often ill with asthma. His sister, Grete, was too young to work; thus leaving young Gregor the only one supported the whole family. Even though they were in a financial crisis, they hired help for around the house; a maid, Anna, the cook, and the charwoman.
When the story begins, Gregor is waking up from having an anxious dream and discovers that his body transformed into a “monstrous verminous bug.” He had many legs and an “armor-like back…a brown belly, slightly domed and divided by arches into stiff sections” (Kafka 3). He hopelessly tries to roll onto his side to go back to sleep, but his body does not listen to him. Even in his own “skin” he is alienat...


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... photograph of Gregor from his time in the military service as a lieutenant. The picture of Gregor in the living room is a shell of what he used to be. Since the time of his service, Gregor has changed from a happy, carefree man, to a depressed, isolated man, to a monstrous bug that is even more of a misunderstood, lonely creature.
Trying to be sensible in the situation, Gregor tries to explain that he is ready to return to work. He again professes his concern for his parents and sister, fearing that the loss of his job will cause them great despair. He does not want this slight hiccup to cause him to get fired. The manager flees the living room to the hallway, trying to escape the sight of Gregor. Fearing that he will lose his job, Gregor decides to go after him. Gregor believes that if he is able to contain the manager, he will listen to him and will be won over.

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