The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

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Capitalistic Society and Alienation in The Metamorphosis

The human psyche is a fragile and complicated entity. In the text, The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka introduces Gregor Samsa, a travelling salesman that wakes up to find himself turned into an insect. There are no rhetoric or complications with the assessment. There is never an explanation given as to why this transformation or metamorphosis has occurred. Thus, due to Samsa’s transformation, Gregor Samsa is continuously isolated from the rest of his family who in turn, isolate Samsa even more as time passes. Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, shows the capitalist system 's dehumanizing and alienating effect on Gregor Samsa through an economic perspective. Gregor is constantly exploited by his family, and the text show how Gregor is continuously alienated is various aspects of his life.
The hero of the story is Gregor Samsa, who is the son of middle-class parents in Prague. Some five years before, Samsa’s father lost most of his money, whereupon his son, Gregor, got a job with one of his father 's creditors and became a traveling salesman. His father then stopped working altogether, satisfied with the work Gregor was doing for the household, his sister Grete was too young to work, and his mother was ill with asthma. Samsa’s father, as stated before, is content with exploiting Gregor’s physical and economic labor, therefore Gregor’s father would take breakfast for a greater portion of the day, “breakfast was the most important meal of the day and he would stretch it out for several hours as he sat reading a number of different newspapers” (Kafka) Therefore, young Gregor not only supported the whole family with his travelling salesman salary, but also found for them the apartment they ...


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...ous insect. The reader is never explained the circumstances of Samsa’s transformation, therefore we are in the dark just as much as Gregor is. Walter H. Sokel says, “The idea of human self-alienation… always implies the individual 's estrangement from his humanity” (2). The capitalistic society that the Samsa family had been living in proved to be too much for Gregor to handle and a literal transformation takes place “Gregor 's metamorphosis literally enacts this "loss of self." It makes drastically visible the self-estrangement which existed even before his metamorphosis” (Sokel 4).
Analyzing the various family members of the Samsa family yields a variety of interesting results. His mother is helpless as she is closest to Gregor than the others but, alas cannot bring herself to accept his insect-like appearance, “but could not help himself snapping in the air with

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