The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

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When first reading a story about a family, the reader typically thinks of the perfect usually family that is portrayed in many movies and television shows to come. The father works and loves his family, the mother is a stay-at-home mom and takes care of the whole family, the son goes to college to make a life for himself, and the daughter goes to school and excels in everything she does. In the short novel The Metamorphosis written by Franz Kafka, the family is not portrayed in this way. The father stays at home and is abusive not only physically but emotionally as well, the mother does stay home but only to take care of the father, their son Gregor is the breadwinner of the family but he has no say in anything, and the daughter Grette stays in her room to avoid trouble. Kafka wrote all of his stories to express his emotions, but The Metamorphosis expressed it on a whole new level by showing the brutality of the abuse from his father and the feeling of isolation he feels.

In the short novel, Kafka tells of a young man by the name of Gregor. Gregor is a traveling businessman and despises his job, but only does it because his parents are in horrible debt. Due to the fact that he works so much and hates his job, he changes into a bug without realizing it. On top of all of this, his father does nothing for the family except stay at home while Gregor 's mother takes care of him. His sister, Grette, is capable of working, but chooses to stay in her room and play her music instead. Gregor is the only one that works in the family, and because of that, they depend on him and his income to live, but his father is still the head of the household. This bothers him because he wants to have some say in what goes on, after all they are living...


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...oth felt isolated because they constantly worked and they did not have a great relationship with their fathers. It is hinted that Gregor’s father was abusive towards his son because of the actions he takes towards him as a bug, even when he knows the bug is his son. Also, because Gregor was constantly working, he never had time for anything else but sleep, eat, and work, so he was isolated from the world around him. Kafka was also abused by his father, which is shown through the letter he had written to his dad in order to try to fix his relationship with his father by showing the pain he put him through. Also because he was constantly working, he also felt isolated from the world. Although The Metamorphosis is a novel about working too much to the point of changing, it really is showing the horrors of being abused by a loved one and feeling alienated from the world.

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