The novel begins with a cha...
... middle of paper ...
...utors. In the same way that Christ cries out on the cross, "Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing" (NRSV, Lk. 23.34), Samsa's thoughts upon his death, "full of tenderness and love, (go) back to his family" (Kafka 48). His death has an air of religious melodrama sharpened by its poignant simplicity and its Christlike anti-grandeur. It also brings him peace: no longer can he be hurt by his world or the knowledge that his mere existence is damaging to his world.
Samsa leaves, however, an indelible mark on both his family and the reader. His audiences, both within the text and outside, feel that the insignificance of his death is a travesty. Samsa's potential, opened to him in his metamorphosis, is fully realized: he sends a message to the mortal world that in order to become immortal, they must open themselves up to humanity with a change.
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