Mesopotamia and Egypt were both in flood basins of major rivers. Mesopotamia was characterized by turmoil and tension and in contrast Egypt was characterized by stability and serenity. The Mesopotamian climate was harsh and since the Tigris and the Euphrates flooded irregularly, nature was not viewed as life enhancing but rather considered to be a threat. Mesopotamia was located on an open plain without protection from foreign intrusions; therefore they were continually on alert. Egypt, on the other hand, was centered on the dependable Nile. The rich and fertile soil of the Nile Valley provided agricultural wealth. Even though the river was known to flood yearly the Egyptians had no reason to fear it. It helped them predict nature and they began to use this knowledge to their benefit. Since the Nile Valley was surrounded by deserts and the Red Sea, Egypt was free relatively free from foreign invasions. The Nile was also used for travel in their civilization.
The political structure in Mesopotamia during the Sumarian era had no unified government. Instead it had numerous independent city states. In the Babylonian Empire Hammurabi enforced his laws described in the "Code of Hammu...
... middle of paper ...
...heavenly salvation, and enjoyed the value of material items in their lives. Hinduism was against both and so there was controversy about this religion in the Indian culture. In contrast to the caste system in ancient India, Hinduism ranked people not by wealth and power but by their spiritual progress. Many pondered the basis of this religion. Siddhartha Gautama accepted many Hindu beliefs but altered the practices. He was eventually credited as the founder of Buddhism.
Hinduism would undergo many changes from its origins in Aryan society and became the religion of the majority of Indian people. Although it has been argued that Hinduism is not a religion. I view Hinduism as a legitimate religion in the Indian culture today. I have a great deal of respect for this religion in that it can supply the spiritual needs we as human-beings crave.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... This view developed from the many natural difficulties the Mesopotamians were troubled with. Their two water sources, the Tigris and the Euphrates, would flood violently and unpredictably, often destroying whole villages and cities. At times the rivers would produce fatal floods and on other occasions there would be droughts that would greatly reduce their water supply. The riverbanks would often be too steep and the rivers too wild to allow for transportation or trade. While Egypt enjoyed a natural perimeter that evaded invasion, Mesopotamia’s exposed plains gave way to repeated attacks.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Egypt]
804 words (2.3 pages)
- There will always be words of great ancient civilization passed by mouth and text, and many are known by most people. Those not educated on the matter might answer Rome or Greece as the top two ancient civilizations. The truth behind it is, historians have been gathering information for years and have narrowed it down to two choices: Egypt and Mesopotamia, and I’m here to backup the reason for their strengths. The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia greatly influenced the makeup of later empires through their forward thinking through universal language throughout the empire, strategic building (around waterways like rivers and lakes), and advances in educational matters (sciences,... [tags: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient history]
1498 words (4.3 pages)
- The two ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt coexisted in the Mediterranean world, however some aspects of their cultures differed from one another. Both civilizations viewed humanity as an aid to their higher power or gods. The relations between humans in Mesopotamia was usually a violent conflict over power or land. Whereas, Egyptians lived peacefully amongst one another because everyone was willing to serve their role in society, no matter where it was. Mesopotamians believed gods created people to provide for them, and they also controlled nature in disastrous ways as a punishment for humanity.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Nile, Mesopotamia, Egypt]
1231 words (3.5 pages)
- ... They could be bought or sold (Hagler, n.d.). TheEgyptian people were grouped in a hierarchical system, similar to Mesopotamia. Unlike Mesopotamia, Egyptians believed that the gods controlled all aspects of their lives. The Egyptians also had more than three social classes, which I will describe in order from most to least importance. At the top was the most powerful, the Pharaoh. His duties compiled of maintaining law and order, keeping Egypt safe from attacks or invasions, and keeping the Gods happy.... [tags: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient history]
943 words (2.7 pages)
- Ancient Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt both emerged approximately around the same period (4000-3500 BCE). Many of their human developments, scientific accomplishments and philosophies contribute greatly to today’s modern world. Organized religion was first seen in those ancient civilizations. The religious systems in theses areas are intertwined with political and spiritual elements as well as a major influence on the cultural behaviors of the civilizations. In such governments, gods and goddesses are seen as the supreme religious and civic leaders.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Deity]
1590 words (4.5 pages)
- ... Although they did “irrigation canals and drained ditches” the floods did affect the area tremendously (Berger 26). There were more benefits of the two rivers that disadvantages which lead to greater population growth. The rivers helped in having abundance in food which lead to greater populations. There was a “facilitated trade” which was the another way of trading with different parts of Mesopotamia (Berger 26). There were others empires during the same time which helped get resources around which were scarce in certain parts like from “Assyria and Anatolia” (Berger 26).... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Ancient Near East]
1221 words (3.5 pages)
- 1) I have chosen to discuss the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Both have many significant similarities and differences. I would like to compare some important points in four common categories. I will compare and contrast the geography and its impact, the political structure of each society, the importance of their existing class structures and finally the role of women in these dynamic civilizations. Mesopotamia and Egypt were both in flood basins of major rivers. Mesopotamia was characterized by turmoil and tension and in contrast Egypt was characterized by stability and serenity.... [tags: Mesopotamia Egypt Civilizations]
1127 words (3.2 pages)
- ... Egypt eventually became unified under Narmer with Nehken and the cult of Horus. Over time, Egypt became a large state unified under a king, and said king was believed to have deities enter his body. This brought in a focus of preservation and immortality through mummification and pyramid tombs. The kings would give their throne to a male heir, and would marry their sisters and daughters along the way. A sense of balance was very important to the Egyptians, and if something was seen out of balance then it was immediately fixed if possible.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Ancient history, Mesopotamia, Nile]
1603 words (4.6 pages)
- Throughout time societies have developed and progressed from each other through trade and exchanging knowledge, as well as numerous other aspects. Although, initially each civilization possesses their individual benefits, which causes each civilization to be quite diverse. During the River valley civilizations period, the civilizations Mesopotamia and Egypt developed upon their society politically, economically, and culturally. However, each civilization progressed upon these aspects differently based on the structure of their society, geography of their settlement, and their overall beliefs.... [tags: Indus Valley Civilization, Mesopotamia, Sumer]
1296 words (3.7 pages)
- Two of the earliest and greatest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt, show the transition from a Paleolithic society into a settled civilization. Both cultures had established kings; however, the Pharaoh is the god-king of Egypt, while in Mesopotamia the monarchs are priest-kings whom serve the gods. Although Mesopotamia and Egypt have some characteristics in common, which bring them under the “First Civilizations” category, their different views and beliefs about divine authority and how it is practiced set these civilizations apart and make them unique.... [tags: great ancient civilizations]
548 words (1.6 pages)