Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Curing Disease Essay

Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Curing Disease Essay

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According to the Cord Blood Registry some cells found in cord blood and cord tissue are being used and tested to see if they could improve or even cure certain diseases. Mesenchymal stem cells found in cord blood have been shown to reduce lung injury and symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in infants. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia or BPD is a lung disease most often seen in premature newborns who need ventilator support or oxygen supplements to treat respiratory illnesses. Recent studies performed on animals suggest that newborn stem cells may be used as treatment. The same mesenchymal cells found in cord tissue are being tested on animals to see how they could treat a stroke. A stroke is a condition in which an artery in the brain is blocked. In a recent animal study the animals who received these cells experienced a decrease in the injury and more blood flow to the area. Animals treated with these cells also experienced an increase in motor control. This may have been because the stem cells used have the ability to promote good blood flow and promote a natural healing process within the brain. Laboratory studies using mesenchymal stem cells have been shown to help improve motor function in animals with Parkinson’s Disease. Parkinson’s is a nervous system disorder that affects movement and motor control. Studies have shown that stem cells reduced some effects associated with Parkinson’s. A study taking human cord blood cells and using them on mice affected with Alzheimer’s showed the stem cells migrating to the affected parts of the brain and reducing the beta amyloids. The effectiveness of this study on mice has led to trials with humans also. Alzheimer’s is an irreversible disease characterized by insoluble protein deposits in...


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...und. The study also found that as the wound healed there was an increase in the number of new blood vessels. Diabetics may suffer from a slow wound healing time because of poor circulation, nerve damage, or complications with their immune system. A lab study using mesenchymal stem cells was able to slow down the production of cells in the joints that causes Rheumatoid Arthritis. Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the joints. A research study that started this year at Memorial Hermann Hospital and UT Houston took a child’s own cord blood and used it as a treatment for acquired hearing loss. Stem Cell research is a very important part of modern medicine new discoveries have already been made about how they can treat many health concerns. The more we test stem cells the more we can uncover about treatment and prevention.




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