Mental Illness Model And The Mental Health Model Essays

Mental Illness Model And The Mental Health Model Essays

Length: 709 words (2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Providing an all inclusive, concrete definition of what a mental disorder is a complicated task. Many factors are responsible for the development and presence of a disorder; therefore, pinpointing and providing a universal definition can be quite difficult. In order to provide a basic set of universal parameters in what constitutes and defines a mental disorder, The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) was developed in order to help clinicians and providers navigate the many disorders. While the DSM provides a definition of mental disorder, different perspectives of psychology offer various views of mental disorder.
In comparing and contrasting the definition of mental disorder in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM–5) to the Individual Psychology perspective, one is presented with the dichotomy between the mental illness model and the mental health model. The DSM-5, driven by the use of categorizations and classifications, tends to align with a more strict mental illness, or medical model. In contrast, the Individual Psychology perspective, aims to direct focus back onto the uniqueness of each individual. Individual Psychology returns attention to the significance holistic care plays in the wellness of the individual.
The DSM–5 (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) provides the following definition of a mental disorder, “A syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual 's cognitive, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning” (p. 20). This definition provides clinicians and providers with a set of characteristics that must...

... middle of paper ...

...inforces the importance Adler placed on social interest. A feeling of connectedness was foundational to Adler’s view of health. This connectedness, or social interest, was meant to permeate throughout the Adlerian life tasks of love, occupation and fellowship. A lack of feeling connected results in the presence of disorder, dysfunction, or disturbance for the individual.
Both similarities and differences exist among the definition of a mental disorder found in the DSM-5’s and within the Individual Psychology perspective. While both recognize the impact a disorder has on the functioning of the individual, the Individual Psychology perspective offers deeper appreciation for the individual and all realms of his or her health. The Individual Psychology perspective acknowledges the holistic view of health while the DSM-5 focuses more on the pathology of the individual.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The National Alliance On Mental Illness Essay

- NAMI stands for the National Alliance on Mental Illness. The sponsors that speak at the NAMI presentations are individuals that live with a mental illness and share their stories. These speakers vary in age, race and gender and represent a variety of mental illnesses. NAMI speaking engagements are a way to spread awareness and shed light to the stigma that surrounds mental illness today. By sharing their personal stories, individuals are able to demonstrate that there is a light at the end of the tunnel and people can make it out to the other side....   [tags: Mental disorder, Mental health, Recovery model]

Better Essays
1265 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Mental Illness : Mental Health

- Mental Health in America What do you think of when someone brings up the topic of mental health in the country. Many people are influenced by negative stigma and preconceptions associated with mental illness. Those with mental illnesses are all too commonly subjected to these negative stigmas. These views can lead to discrimination, which may be the cause of why those suffering from mental disorders are so poorly cared for and often don’t seek treatment. The Mayo Clinic reports that some harmful effects of these prejudices based on mental illness cause: reluctance to seek help of treatment, lack of understanding from family or friends, fewer opportunities to work, bullying and inadequate he...   [tags: Psychiatry, Mental disorder, Schizophrenia]

Better Essays
1644 words (4.7 pages)

Mental Health, Mental, And Mental Illness Essay examples

- According to the National Alliance of Mental Health, mental illness affects one in five Americans today (2015). A mental illness is defined as a mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that affects a person’s daily life. The issue today is to understand a parent that suffers from a mental disorder. In United States studies, forty percent of children have parents that have been hospitalized due to mental illness (Lauritzen, 2015). Parents with a mental disorder require special attention to ensure that they are providing their children the proper care....   [tags: Mental disorder, Mental illness, Family therapy]

Better Essays
1345 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on What 's So Funny About Mental Illness?

- What’s So Funny About Mental Illness. One in four people suffer from mental illness. Ruby Wax is a comedian and activist for awareness of mental illnesses. In 2012 Ms. Wax was invited to the TED stage to discuss this topic in her unique way. She speaks of her battle with mental illness and how she succumbed to her psychological breakdown by describing the general effects. This easily describes how she is well qualified to discuss the topic. She delivers this dynamic and intellectual information so simply it makes the listener comfortable....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Mental illness, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
746 words (2.1 pages)

Tidal Model Of Mental Health Essay

- Tidal Model of Mental Health Nursing Throughout history, mental health has been difficult to categorize into specific qualities, and outcomes. Due to the notion of uncertainty in defining mental health, the recovery process for mental health has been lost in the convoluted perception. Phil Barker developed the Tidal Model of Mental Health theory, a philosophical approach to illuminate recovery within the ill patient in order to find one’s true self. The implication of this theory emphasizes the importance of the nurse’s ability to use the patient’s journey through their sickness to help find the patient’s voice again, and not create a stagnant template for recovery....   [tags: Psychiatry, Mental health, Mental disorder]

Better Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

The Sociological Model Of Mental Illness Essay

- Modern society focuses on the behavior of people and study how each individual with certain mental disorders behave. Before the medicalization of certain mental disorders, any psychological and sociological issues were not addressed properly or address at all. "The sociological model of mental illness argues that definitions of mental illness reflect subjective social judgments regarding whether behaviors are acceptable and understandable. Behaviors are labeled mental illness when they contravene cognitive norms, performance norms, or feeling norms" (Weitz, 2012)....   [tags: Mental disorder, Psychology, Suicide, Sociology]

Better Essays
914 words (2.6 pages)

Stigma And Discrimination Of Mental Health Essay

- There’re attitudes existing within our modern society that views psychopathology along with it’s symptoms as threatening and serves great discomfort for most people. The attitudes that’re often displayed openly by people of the public conjures concepts not only stigma but discrimination towards individuals experiencing mental health problems. These reactions based on stigma and discrimination proved to be very common, especially when individuals who’re in possession of mental illness are brave enough to disclose they’ve got a mental health issue and such admissions such as these are often met with alarming frequency when it comes to social exclusions....   [tags: Mental disorder, Mental health, Mental illness]

Better Essays
2045 words (5.8 pages)

Mental Health And Addiction Service Development Plan Essays

- The World Health Organization (WHO) highlights mental health as an important health issue through it’s overarching definition of health as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (1)." Mental health can be defined as the position in which a person is at an optimal level of psychological, social and emotional wellbeing (2). It is important to note that these definitions are framed within a health lense and it is necessary to understand that health is influenced by broader social determinants (Buse et al....   [tags: Sociology, Agency, Mental health, Medicine]

Better Essays
1294 words (3.7 pages)

Mental Health Promotion, Prevention, And Intervention For Children And Youth

- Where did you find the article. The article I chose to review is Research Opportunities in the Area of Mental Health Promotion, Prevention, and Intervention for Children and Youth. I first found this article through AJOT and I realized I had been given this issue through a family friend, so I referred to it from then on. This AJOT issue was from September/October of 2014. After reading through the article, I realized that there was more to it. There was a systematic review that occurred before the actual evidence based practice research....   [tags: Psychology, Mental disorder, Public health]

Better Essays
1039 words (3 pages)

The Compass Strategy Of Mental Illness Essay

- The Compass Strategy Although mental illness is a widely known and universally felt issue, knowledge on this topic rarely aims to address younger populations (Jorm, 2000). Despite this fact, most mental disorders are seen during young adulthood, and are often characterized by co-morbidity (Wright et al., 2006). During the time the program was implemented, mental disorders accounted for 55% of the total injury and disease burden among young Australians from ages 15 to 24 (Mathers et. al....   [tags: Mental disorder, Mental health, Psychology]

Better Essays
1824 words (5.2 pages)