Mental Health Professionals With Complex Trauma Dynamics Essay

Mental Health Professionals With Complex Trauma Dynamics Essay

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Human trafficking as it relates to counseling presents mental health professionals with complex trauma dynamics as well as victimization dynamics. Research shows that a significant number of trafficking victims experienced some type of severe trauma during childhood or early adulthood, such as but not limited to sexual violence/incest and victims of domestic violence (Tyldum & Brunovskis, 2005; Rauch & Cahill, 2003). Previous trauma in addition to the trauma of trafficking escalates the level of complexity for the victim and the mental health professional. Research shows that prior traumatized victims rarely seek or receive treatment for trauma prior to the treatment for human trafficking trauma, which presents the mental health professional with the responsibility to treat both the prior trauma and current trauma (Clawson, Saloman, & Grace, 2008).
Treatment for human trafficked victims and their families may include treatment for the trauma as well as post-traumatic stress disorder and substance abuse (Rauch & Cahill, 2003). Victims of human trafficking may experience symptoms related to acute stress disorder and grief along with anxiety/mood disorder (Rauch & Cahill, 2003). Victims may experience panic attacks, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms as well as symptoms of dissociative disorders (International Society for the Study of Dissociation, 2004). Research shows that evidence-based approaches are effective in treating human trafficking victims and families because evidence-based practices target outcomes in terms of symptoms, functional status, and quality of life (Drake et al., 2001; Logan, Walker, & Hunt, 2009). Treatment for human trafficking may be long-term and comprehensive ...


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...ase of the 3-phase model. The second phase of the 3-phase model contains components recognize, emotions, evaluate, define, and options. The goal of recognize is to identify specific stressors. The goal of emotions is to identify the primary feelings of the trauma. The goal of evaluate is to identify primary thoughts and feelings along with self-statements (Ford, 2005). The define goal is to identify and establish primary goal(s). The goal of option is to identify one choice that represents a successful step toward the primary goal(s) that the survivor accomplished since the trauma. The final phase of the 3-phase model contains make a contributions. The goal of make a contribution is to highlight how the option or success has added benefit to the survivors core values while making a difference in others’ lives (Ford, 2005; Ford & Russo, 2006). (see Appendix A)

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