DID may seem like a recent discovery, but there are historical traces of it for centuries. Ancient civilization claimed it to be a form of shamanism, while early settlements in America claimed it to be a form of witchcraft or demonic possession. They failed to realize that divine intervention does not cause this, but rather poor mental health. The earliest discover of this disease was by Pierre Janet (1883) with his case of a woman with three separate personalities. It was then labeled Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) in this time but later changed to Dissociative Identity Disorder.
The theory regarding the cause of DID is child traumatization. This could be physical abuse, Sexual abuse, neglect, or verbal abuse. Once this child begins to grow and move into different levels of Piaget’s stages, it begins to develop attachment and cognitive functioning issues. Their ability to distinguish reality from delusion fades and they use other defense mechanisms to make sense of their thoughts. The...
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...urring. The method used was an MRI scan of 15 female patients with DID and of 23 without and disorder. Then, the results of each party were measured and compared. The discovery was that the individuals that suffered from such diseases had less volume and function of areas of the brain such as the amygdala and hippocampus. This proves that DID occurs before therapy, and is not iatrogenic.
The article is well organized, with each idea clearly stated and proven. It provides many supplemental idea, theories, and studies to further prove the opinions that the authors hold. The only suggestion would be that they use more specific cases. Though they do this throughout the article, I feel like more examples of different situations would greatly benefit proof, as well as comprehension of the disorders. Ultimately, the article is well constructive and abundantly informative.
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