Memory is the information we stored in our brain. There are three types of memory. First is the sensory memory is the shortest term of memory which only last less than a second, it is our ability to hold the information from our 5 senses after we the original stimulus is gone. Short term memory is the information we hold in our mind for a short period which is less than a minute. Long term memory is the information that store in our brain for a long period of time. There are two types of long term memory, which are explicit memory(conscious) and implicit memory(unconscious). Explicit memory is also known as declarative memory which are the memory of experience (episodic memory) and memory of facts (semantic memory). Implicit memory is the memory of skills (procedural memory). [The Human Memory]
There are three processes for us to turn the new information into our long term memory. First is encoding, in this process we are perceiving and learning the new information and relate it to past knowledge. Second is consolidation, which is the process to turn the short term memory into long term memory by strengthen the information. Last is retrieved, which is recall the information we storage in our brain when we needed. (McDermott, Roediger)
So far we know how our memory work, so what are somethings that can help us to improve our memory?
Sleep Time and Memory
Many researches have showed that our sleep can affect our abilities to memorize things.
There are 5 stages of sleep, stages 1 to 4 is consider as non-rapid eye movement (NREM), which deep sleep especially the stage 3 and 4. Stage 5 is the stage we are more wakeful and is the stage where we have the dream, in this stage we have rapid eye movement(REM). (King, ...
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...mory, but at most time our memory can get disrupt by hungry. The article “Affect of Hunger: The Brain” shows that hunger can delay our development of our cognitive, emotion and social level, it can also make us not able to focus and can even lower our IQ level. There are many negative effects with hunger, especially the disruption of our attention. Being focus is very important for us to memorize things, once our attention is being disrupt, our memory coding is get ruining, which means that when we recall the memory all the information will get mess up. This happened in some of my memory tests, for instance in one of my memory test I get disrupt by the things happened surround me I only scored 8 points, but when I get focus after a while and do another memory test I scored 21 points. From those experience, I know that attention have a lot of impact toward our memory.
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