The Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval Period, was a thousand-year period in European history, including the Romanesque and the Gothic artistic styles. During this period of time, there were many major events, including the fall of the Roman Empire. Medieval European culture emphasized strong Christian faith, emphasizing afterlife and a movement away from classical forms of expression (MindEdge, 3.12). The Romanesque art dominated Europe starting in the 10th century and ending in the 12th century when it began to be replaced by Gothic art. Being noted for its architecture, there were also distinctive Romanesque sculpture, fresco paintings, metalwork, manuscript illumination, and tapestries. Evolving from the Romanesque style of art, gothic art was centered in Central and Northern Europe. It was known for its signature arched design of its cathedrals, but also fresco painting, stained glass, illuminated manuscripts, and panel painting that was taken over by Christian religious themes. (MindEdge, 3.12). International Gothic appeared by the late 14th century and continued until the late 15th century, when it then evolved into Renaissance art.
Renaissance, in French, means rebirth, but is a now-popular term used to describe the historical period from the late 13th century to the early 17th century which was marked by a revival of interest in the culture of Greco-Roman. It overlapped the Age of Discovery and advancements in science. Science became a legitimate source of knowledge and spurred interest in scientific inquiry (MindEdge, 3.14). Most of the art and architecture was supported by the church and wealthy merchants. Within the Renaissance period, oil painting was introduced as ...
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... as they appeared to have different tools to help with the works.
The later art period, The Renaissance, influenced the future of art because of the development of the printing press was the greatest cultural achievement during the Renaissance era. With having the printing press, it encouraged writers to write in the local language. Before the printing press, bookmaking entailed copying all the words and illustrations by hand onto parchment. The labor that went into creating them made each book very expensive (Annenberg Learner, n.d.). Because the printing press could produce books quickly and with relatively little effort, it became much less expensive which allowed more people to buy reading material.
* The Nave of Basilica of St. Mary Magdalene at Vézelay: (MindEdge, 3.12)
** The Nave of Santo Spirito Firenze by Filippo Brunelleschi: (MindEdge, 3.14)
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