During the Elizabethan age, it was widely conceded that a person’s temperament was decided by the state of their humors, which were sanguine, choler, phlegmatic, and melancholic. This belief in humors originates in the ancient Greek’s beliefs and medical foundations which were reinforced by philosophers Plato, Aristotle and Socrates among others. Each of these humors also relates to a substance from the body and a corresponding element, blood and air, yellow bile and fire, phlegm and water, black bile and earth respectively. Furthermore, these substances and humors responded to specific environments related to them. In short, the entire process breaks down as this: sanguine manifested itself in blood and the element of air and is maintained by hot and moist conditions. Choler was identified with yellow bile and the e...
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Mowrey, Daniel B. The Scientific Validation of Herbal Medicine. New Canaan, CT: Keats Pub., 1986. Print.
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Penrose, Jane. An Encyclopedia of Tudor Medicine: [big Book]. Oxford: Heinemann Educational, 1998. Print.
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"Temperament A Brief Survey, with Modern Applications" Temperament: A Brief Survey, with Modern Applications. Web. 23 Feb. 2012.
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