Garlic’s botanical name is Allium sativum; it belongs to the Allium group of plants, which is a part of the lily family. There is over 600 species in the Allium group, including onions, chives, leeks, shallots, and garlic. The part of garlic that is consumed is called the clove; It is located underground underneath a tall green stalk, which catches the sunlight and undergoes photosynthesis. The head of the garlic can consist of eight to ten cloves. Garlic can grow in almost every region of the world, in subtropical, temperate, tropical, and even in the gardens of everyday people. In 2009, the United States produced 3.9 million cwt and imported around 121,500 metric tons of garlic. About 3.7 million cwt of garlic grown in the United States came from California, and 92 percent of our imports came from china (Boriss, 2010). As American’s learn about the versatile uses of garlic and its medical properties the demand for its production keeps rising.
The medical uses of garlic is not a new concept, it actually has been used medicinally since ancient times. It is one of the earliest documented plants used for treatment of disease and maintenance of hea...
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Rahman, K. (2001). Historical Perspective on Garlic and Cardiovascular Disease. The Journal of Nutrition, 131(3), 977S-979S.
Rivlin, R. (2006). Is Garlic Alternative Medicine? The Journal of Nutrition, 136(3), 713S-715S.
Rivlin, R. (2001). Historical Perspective on the Use of Garlic. The Journal of Nutrition, 131(3), 951S-954S.
Ross, Z., O’Gara, E., Hill, D., Sleightholme, H., & Maslin, D. (2001). Antimicrobial Properties of Garlic Oil against Human Enteric Bacteria: Evaluation of Methodologies and Comparisons with Garlic Oil Sulfides and Garlic Powder. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67(1), 475-480.
Starbuck, J. (2000). Garlic Powerful medicine-pungent. Better Nutrition. 62(5), 46.
Thomson, M., & Ali, M. (2003). Garlic [Allium Sativum]: A Review of its Potential Use as an Anti-cancer Agent. Current Cancer Drug Targets, 3(1), 67-81.
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