There is little doubt that the media has a profound impact on our awareness of humanitarian emergencies and disaster relief around the world. The reality of these disasters, and our responses to them, are heavily influenced by the framework that the media uses – through exposure on television, radio and in print – to capture our attention.
The media has a number of important responsibilities during a natural disaster. I have broken down their responsibilities into four stages: early warning, immediate response, post-disaster review, and implementation. While these phases do not necessarily occur one after the other without overlap, they form a good basis from which to explain the different roles of the media throughout the disaster relief effort.
First and foremost, in what I like to call the “early warning” phase, the media serves as a link between disaster response units and authorities, with victims of an impending disaster. Their role here is to alert victims of an impending disaster and distribute disaster response advice.
After the disaster hits, the next phase is “immediate response”. The media’s primary focus here is to help victims of the disaster. The immediate response phase has two stages: crisis point, where the victims need immediate access to basic essentials; and the rebuilding phase, where victims have their basic needs met but there is ongoing need for donations – more generally in terms of goods and services – to assist victims rebuild their lives. By reporting on stories with dramatic and emotive coverage, the media links local and international NGOs to the public and compels them to donate.
In the “post disaster review” phase, the media focus moves away from aid, and takes a more eva...
... middle of paper ...
...plementation of new procedures and policies surrounding disaster awareness and response plans. The media works with NGOs to generate donations and help the victims. It promoted debates around what went wrong, and how to improve next time. Moreover, it puts pressure on the authorities to implement these changes to ensure a decrease in risk for any future disasters. It is true to say that without the media, the success of disaster management would not be possible. When the media, government authorities, technology suppliers, UN agencies, international and national NGOs and local communities work closely together, to inform and educate the public with accurate information, then early warning systems, disaster prevention methods and relief programs will be much more cohesive. Therefore, the role of the media in humanitarian emergencies and disaster relief is paramount.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- INTRODUCTION There is little doubt that the media has a profound impact on our awareness of humanitarian emergencies and disaster relief around the world. The reality of these disasters, and our responses to them, are heavily influenced by the framework that the media uses – through exposure on television, radio and in print – to capture our attention. The media has a number of important responsibilities as it reports on the events surrounding a natural disaster. I have broken down the media’s focus into four stages: early warning, immediate response, post-disaster review, and implementation.... [tags: Media]
3000 words (8.6 pages)
- The Media Disaster A study by the University of Maryland indicated a third of Fox News’ audience believed Iraq participated in the 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center despite military and diplomatic proof they did not. This belief, accompanied by several other misunderstandings about the Iraq war, developed through negligent representation of world events by the news (Marcovitz). Sometimes, the news doesn’t do what it is intended to do—accurately publicize information. Media has a tendency to focus less on the truth and more on a good story for high ratings.... [tags: natural disaster, haiti, red cross, earthquake]
1590 words (4.5 pages)
- Due to financial scandals and environmental disasters, CSR has become a critical issue for companies who are demonstrating their commitment towards an ethical outlook and responsible behaviour by developing strategies which focus beyond profit maximisation, from the concern of wellbeing for employees to improving the community and the environment, in order to try minimising the damage caused by media coverage and increased transparency. Christian Aid (2004) argues that CSR is an inadequate response to the devasting impact that multinational companies make, using CSR to mask the impact.... [tags: ethics, profit, companies]
781 words (2.2 pages)
- Disasters are likely to happen at any time or place, they are unexpected events. They can be natural devastation (as earthquake, floods and tsunami), man-made (as terrorist attack and wars) or accident tragedies (as aircraft crashes, fires and groundwater contamination) that result in large destruction or victims (Oxford English Dictionary 2010; Alexander 2006). It can be presented in several ways and length (Parliamentarians 2011). What defines a mass disaster and its proportion it is not the how many death result from it, but the way it happen and the final situation of the dead body (Gonzales et al.... [tags: earthquakes, floods, accidents, dna]
1668 words (4.8 pages)
- It is often suggested by scholars that the world and in all its content is ambiguous, there is no universal meaning, nothing can be interpreted the same way. Opinions are constantly clashing and facts somehow constructed, or tempered during the processes of news production. News becomes the fictions of reality; it becomes a way of story telling, made to the taste of the viewer, depending on the society of course. The same stories carry different values depending where when and how the stories are broadcasted, I will be talking about this in this essay.... [tags: Media Interpretation]
2587 words (7.4 pages)
- ... Technology has made monitoring a heart easy through the invention of the Wireless Implantable Heart Monitor.This monitor has made it easier for doctors to check on a patient’s heart from a long distance. They provide doctors with early warnings of problems that must be addressed. Its believed that patients who were having their hearts monitored or tracked had 30% fewer readmissions to the hospital. This monitor is 15mm long and 3.5 mm wide. For most of us technological advances have improved the way we communicate.... [tags: health, communication, social media]
525 words (1.5 pages)
- Citizen Journalism: The Social Importance is Worth the Risk The way that people receive news has traditionally been through channels of journalists who report over newscasts or in newspapers. Over the last few decades this has changed drastically. The birth of widespread internet, technology and social media began this revolution of change. Anyone with a smartphone today can instantly capture a story and begin circulating it within a matter of minutes. The occupation of journalism itself carries an inherent risk; whether citizen or professional.... [tags: Mass media, Journalism, Citizen journalism]
941 words (2.7 pages)
- Origins and history of development aid The idea behind development aid is nothing new. We have been helping those in need since the dawn of time even if it is only for our own benefit. However our approach towards development aid has change over the years. Modern development aid is still a relatively new conception. There is no clear line of when we can say that modern development aid started. Most people seem to agree that the concept of development aid began in the late nineteenth century, which coincides with the colonisation of Africa (1981 – 1914).... [tags: marshall plan, development aid]
1225 words (3.5 pages)
- Over the last 50 years, the world has struggled to maintain an economic balance and stability, while flourishing countries try to maintain a steady income to support its people and relations with other countries. Therefore, when a continent like Africa fails to maintain a stable government and economy, super powers such as America decide to intervene with its relations. Africa has great potential to become another pillar of the world’s economic structure with its mass amounts of uncultivated land.... [tags: international aid, economics, development]
1243 words (3.6 pages)
- Before extending aid to other countries, we should focus on our more prevalent domestic problems. Patrick Buchanan said, "The idea that we should send endless streams of tax dollars all over the world, while our own country sinks slowly in an ocean of debt is, well, ludicrous. Almost every American knows it, feels it, believes it." The topic of United States foreign policy is greatly debated, and a decision on how to handle is very hard to come by. It seems as if we are finally leaning towards less aid to foreign countries, as we try to cut wasteful spending.... [tags: Foreign Aid Essays]
2488 words (7.1 pages)