Liberalism has a set of values and beliefs, for example individualism, freedom, justice and toleration, and believe in that everyone is equal, and should enjoy the maximum possible freedom (Heywood, 2012).
According to Heywood (2012),
“Freedom is the ability to think or act as one wishes, a capacity that can be associated with the individual, a social group or a nation” (Heywood, 2012, p. 29).
The first major Liberal thinker, John Locke, argued that God endowed every individual with natural rights, such as the right to life or liberty (Adams, 2001). He also thought that individuals has the right to rebel against the state. (Hoffman & Graham, 2015). However, liberty is a fundamental right, there may be good reasons for limiting freedom. According to Mill, if an action`s consequences only affect the one who did it, then it is should not be restricted (Hoffman & Graham, 2015). In reality, only the freedom of though and opinion are exist without any restriction. An example could be the freedom of religion is limited t...
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... and the different opportunities they get (Boucher & Kelly, 2009). These different circumstances can result in unequal earnings and wealth distribution. Income inequality undermining the aim of equal opportunity. Child poverty is a global issue, according to the National Equality Panel report (Child Poverty Action Group, 2010).
If people would not have rights such as freedom or equality, or they would not be able to practice them, then probably they would not consider themselves as a real citizen, or would feel themselves less worthy. As well as the right of political participation holds some important social values, it is the principle of the sense of community between the citizens. If people can take part of the setting of the political system by voting, then they can easily identify themselves with it. So, human rights plays an important role in social bonding.
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