Mdg Objectives Of The Millennium Development Goals

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Introduction to the Millennium Development Goals In September 2000 at the beginning of the new millennium the biggest gathering of world leaders came together at the United Nations to create a broad framework to fight poverty in the form of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs.) 172 nations committed to reach these goals in the next fifteen years. fifteen years later in 2015 the era of the MDGs is now ending, and all 193 member states of the United Nations have committed to 17 new Global Goals for Sustainable Development that will reshape global priorities for the next 15 years. The specific Millennium Development Goal I choose to focus on is the MDG which aims to promote gender equality and empower women. The Indicators or subgoals of the Millennium Development Goals’s (MDG’S) help to monitor the overall progress of the main MDG. One of the 4 indicators of progress for the goal to promote gender equality and empower women is the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament. Progress in the subgoal Some progress has been made to achieve this important subgoal. Nearly 90% of the 174 countries that committed to the MDG’s have some representation of women in parliament. The average proportion of women in parliaments globally has also nearly doubled over the past 20 years. As of 2013 women were 21.8 per cent of parliamentarians in lower houses and 19.4 per cent parliamentarians in upper houses, up from 12 per cent and 10.1 per cent in 1997. Women hold at least 40 per cent of the seats in five parliaments: Rwanda (50 per cent), Sweden (47 per cent), Cuba (43 per cent), Finland (42 per cent) and Argentina (40 per cent). However, women constitute less than 10 per cent of the members of parliament in one third of all ... ... middle of paper ... ...ion. Not having women in parliament creates ineffective governance. This leads to poverty, poor education and health of all sexes, domestic violence, social unrest, and institutionalised inequality. Empowering women and increasing our presence in leadership and government positions is the solution for struggling governments. This can disrupt cycles of poverty and disfunction and like we can see in Rwanda completely transform a government. On reflection despite the goal aimed at equity for women the MDGs were silent on many issues at the very heart of gender inequality including reproductive rights, and violence against women. Unless all these issues are addressed the overall goal of gender equity will never be achieved and one way we can insure these issues get the attention they need is to stop denying women the opportunity to make decisions that affect their lives.
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