The Mayan and Aztec Calendars Essay

The Mayan and Aztec Calendars Essay

Length: 2364 words (6.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

This book focuses on different types of calendars from a number of different places all around the world. This specific chapter, even more specifically this section, focuses on the Mayan calendar. These calendars were written by honored members of their aristocracy and were held to be of great value. The Spanish invaders believed them to be instruments of the devil and burnt great quantities of them. E. G. Richards explains that only four Mayan books are survive in the libraries of Europe, and one of those—The Dresden codex—suffered severe damage in another fire, one which was inflicted on that city in the Second World War. Richards says that the earliest record of a calendar survives from about 500 BC in Monte Alban near Oaxaca. This calendar employs a 260-day cycle, which was commonly used by several societies and is still in use among the present-day inhabitants of the region. The Maya used the calendar partly to anticipate propitious days to embark on wars and other activities. It was also used to record on stone pillars, or stelae, important events in the lives of their kings and to relate these to more mythical events of the past. The Mayan calendar system involved two major methods of specifying a specific date—the calendar round and the long count. The calendar round was used to specify a date within a period of about 52 years, while the long count served to relate such dates within a longer period named a great cycle. The calendar round involved three interlocking cycles of 13, 20, and 365 days respectively. The 365-day cycle was called a haab and was similar to the Egyptian wandering year. Each haab was divided into 18 periods called uinals; each uinal had 20 days and a name. The 18 uinal were followed by five epagomen...

... middle of paper ...

...ticle, I decided to choose a topic that many people were concerned about approximately one year ago. As it says in the article, the world was never going to come to an end, and people had nothing to worry about. Despite evidence being presented from some very credible sources people will worry no matter what experts say, it’s just human nature. This source was a good source to use to sum everything up that I had learned from my previous sources. The information in the article was peer reviewed, therefore I believe that the article was a credible source of information. The information was presented in a clear and direct manner and in no way confusing. The information provided in this source fits fairly well with my topic. Overall it was a worthwhile source for my subject and I would definitely use articles and sources published by Sarah McCarry again in the future.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay The Rise of the Aztec Empire

- The Aztec Empire of the 14th and 15th centuries was one of the most successful and powerful Mesoamerican kingdoms at that time. The community of people began in the middle of a lake and eventually became the capital of an empire. The Aztecs were comprised of multi ethnic and multi lingual individuals that lived in a large area that stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the Gulf coast and housed over fifteen million people (Schmal). Their ability to be successful and have a powerful dominance in their quest was centered on their religious beliefs that were innate within everyone (Meyer 54)....   [tags: Civilizations, Astecs, History]

Powerful Essays
2421 words (6.9 pages)

Mesoamerican Empires Essay

- The three main Indian empires in Mesoamerica were the Olmec, Mayan, and Aztec. These intriguing cultures had three very different religions and origins, but there were some similarities. In all three cases, they built their cities mainly as religious centers, and had some similar forms of worship. All of their societies revolved around their separate religions. The Olmecs are the earliest known Mesoamerican civilization. Around 1200 B.C. the Olmecs originated as a primitive people living and farming on the shores of Mexico (Stanton 91)....   [tags: Mayan, Olmec, Aztec]

Powerful Essays
1142 words (3.3 pages)

Religion And Societies Of Mesoamerica Essay

- In order to really comprehend the religions and societies of Mesoamerica, you must first understand what world making, world centering, and world renewal all mean. Each of the main civilizations of Mesoamerica, the Olmec, Mayan, and Aztec’s all contributed their own versions of world making, centering, and renewal. World making, is defined as a culture’s view of the make up of their universe, and how it was created. Many religions and societies have their own versions of this (Carrasco, 19). For example, in today’s society, the major belief is in the big bang theory....   [tags: Mesoamerica, Aztec, Maya civilization, Universe]

Powerful Essays
987 words (2.8 pages)

The World Will End in 2010 According to the Mayan Calendar Essay

- There has been many predictions about when the world will end or how it would end but no one believes it and no one knew whether they true or not. This time is true and you have to believe it. Now there are more and more information to support Mayans' prediction. According to the Mayan's calculation the longest calender only goes up to December 21,2009. It takes a long time in order for a calendar to go through one cycle. The longest cycle takes 26,000 years and the shortest cycle takes 5,000 years....   [tags: 2010, apocalypse, Mayan calendar, ]

Powerful Essays
482 words (1.4 pages)

Essay on Aztec and Mayan Religious Ceremonies

- Out of all the ancient civilization that inhabited central and south Mexico, the Aztec and Maya are always the first that come to mind for many people. Both of these civilizations started as a small group of farmers and peasants and yet somehow they managed to become a vast and powerful civilization with enormous cities filled with temples that honored the gods and bustling with life and wealth. They became arose and became the most feared tribe among the other tribes that existed, especially the Aztecs....   [tags: ancient mesoamerican cultures]

Powerful Essays
1503 words (4.3 pages)

Mayan, Inca, and Aztec Civilizations Essay

- Mayan, Inca, and Aztec Civilizations The Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations each originated from Latin America. The Mayans lived in southern and central Mexico, other Mayans lived in Central America in the present day countries of Belize, Guatemala, and ancient Honduras. The Incas lived along the long coastal strip, and in the high peaks and deep fertile valleys of the Andes Mountains, and along the edges of the tropical forest to the east; this would be the country of Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina in present days....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
790 words (2.3 pages)

Maya, Aztec, And Inca Essay

- Imagine a person taking a walk through an art gallery that displays the pieces from cultures of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca. Would one be able to distinguish which piece came from which culture. There are many similarities in these cultures when it comes to art, architecture, and lifestyle. These three cultures make up part of what was Mesoamerica. Although they share a lot of are similarities, each culture is unique in their own way. However, it is clear that they derived influence from each other....   [tags: Maya civilization, Mesoamerica, Aztec]

Powerful Essays
1970 words (5.6 pages)

The Mayan Calendar Essay

- When most people think of the Mayans, they think end of the world prediction in 2012. Everyone knows the movie 2012 which portrayed the end of the world predicted by the Mayan calendar. What many do not know is that the Mayans developed three separate calendars; the Long Count, the Tzolk’in, and the Haab, which were represented by glyphs or pictures that were used in their daily lives in many different ways. The Mayans kept time in a very different way than we do today. The Mayans may not have invented the calendar, but they certainly developed it further, and still use their version today....   [tags: ancient civilization, prediction]

Powerful Essays
1375 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about The Mesoamerican Calendar

- The Mesoamerican Calendar “The Mesoamerican calendar, one of the most sophisticated timekeeping systems ever conceived by ancient people, “said by Anthony F. Avent in Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico, perfectly describes how significant the Mesoamerican calendar is. In order for you to understand the great importance of this creation, one needs to know comprehend the background of the people who created it, what it consists of, other calendars that relate to it, and how it affects us today....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Powerful Essays
1295 words (3.7 pages)

The Toltec, Aztec, and Mayan Indian Tribes Essay

- The Toltec, Aztec, and Mayan Indian Tribes TOLTECS> The Toltecs were an Indian tribe who existed from 900 A.D. to 1200. They had a capital city of Tollan, and their influences reached south to the Yucatan and Guatemala. They were a composite tribe of Nahua, Otomi, and Nonoalca. The Tolt ecs made huge stone columns decorated like totem poles. AZTECS> Aztecs were an American Indian people who rule an empire in Mexico during the 1400's and early 1500's. They practiced a religion that affected every part of their lives....   [tags: Pre-Columbian History Culture]

Powerful Essays
585 words (1.7 pages)