Evaluate evidence that maternal deprivation in infancy has long-term effect on human social and emotional development
Maternal deprivation describes the loss of something, like for instance it can be the loss of mother or other attachment figure. A more long term or even permanent loss is implied. The children which are deprived of their mothers without adequate substitute, their development become retarded in the course of the first two months of separation. Protest is when the child on first few hours noticed that a mother is separated from the child, he starts to get distressed and anxious. The child will start to despair after couple of days and loss interest in his surroundings; become withdrawn, increasingly unapproachable, weepy, screaming, loss appetite and sleeplessness. Detachment will resurface, this child will gradually accept the situation he is in and start playing, however the attachment has been broken, it may be permanently, and the trust and security may be lost. Bowbly proposed that often mothers are found to be a primary attachment. Rutter argued out that several indicators of attachment such as protest or distress when attached person leave has been shown for variety of attachment figures father and siblings.
A child should receive the continuous care of this most important attachment figure for approximately the first two to three years of his life. Attachment in infant is crucial for social and emotional development, this theory is called monotrophy. Bowlby believed if the attachment is broken or is disrupted during the critical time, there will be a long term consequence of maternal deprivation, this might be results of delinquency reduced and depression these effects has serious effect on the chil...
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...se. This was a longitudinal (long term) study of 65 children who had been placed in a residential nursery before they were four months. They didn’t have opportunity to form attachments with their care givers. By the age of four, some of the children had returned to their birth mothers, some had been adopted and some stayed at the nursery. At 16 years old, the adopted group had family relationships, although compared to a control group of children from a normal environment, they had weaker peer relationships. Those children stayed in the nursery or returned to their mothers showed poorer relationships with family and peers than those who were adopted. Children can recover from early maternal privation if they are in good loving families, although their social development may be as good as children who had never suffered privation.
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