Mass plastic production began in the 1950s. Even though large amounts of plastic began being generated, the amount of waste was “estimate[d]… [to be] three to four orders of magnitude lower [than current societal statistics] and restricted to more degradable items” (Barnes 1988). The decades ...
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...rganized in many countries and on every continent” (Barnes 1985). Along with aid from non-profit organizations and volunteers, MARPOL Annex V “addresses solid waste [such as] domestic garbage, including galley waste and food packaging…old fishing gear… and cargo-related garbage” (Clean Ships 16) that is often discarded from ships.
Without the maintenance of oceans, the use of saltwater will be restricted or terminated, preventing a large amount of human activities such as fishing, scuba diving, snorkeling, and general enjoyment. The amount of micro-plastic and macro-plastic cannot be severely decreased in a short amount of time, but differences can be made over long periods of time. Recycling, removing litter, and preventing loss of non-biodegradable products can help lower the amount of plastic debris present in the surface water and different levels of the ocean.
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