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...ading guilty and accept lower sentencing then risk mandatory 5 to 10 years in prison for drug charges. The extreme sentencing has forced most defendants to become felons by default. Their now, criminalized status has left them stigmatized for the rest their lives. These individuals are no longer able to vote, receive government assistance or obtain legal employment in many companies. The label of convicted felon has automatically excluded the black male from several spheres of society, similarly to Jim Crow laws of the past.
Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2011). Human behavior in the macro social environment: An empowerment approach to understanding communities, organizations, and groups, 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.
Alexander, M. (2012). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, New York, NY: The New Press.
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