Essay on Mass Incarceration Is The Rate Of Incarcerating Individuals

Essay on Mass Incarceration Is The Rate Of Incarcerating Individuals

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Mass incarceration is the rate of incarcerating individuals at an extremely high rate. This is something that began long ago when the states and federal government begin to build up numbers of prison facilities with no one to fill them, in which this forced them to conduct a mass incarceration to ensure they were not building these prisons for no reason. According to Mears and Cochran (2015), counting both the prisons and the county jails in America the incarceration rate is at 716 per 100,000 residents of the states. Mass incarceration was something that existed centuries ago, but did not really take off until about 1973 with the “War on Drugs,” expanding consequent decades under Regan, Clinton, and both Bushes administration, (Liberty Equality Fraternity and Trees , 2014). Looking back into the era before the war, 1945-1973, being all the way until 2012, the prison population is about ten times the average, (Liberty Equality Fraternity and Trees , 2014). On another note, mass reentry is the high rate of inmates reentering the system after they are released from either jail or prison, (Mears & Joshua C, 2015). It happens when the inmates come into contact with individuals or the different experiences that they may face, which can affect them in either a good or bad way. Depending if this effects the inmate in either good or bad way this could cause the inmate to reoffend and reenter into the criminal justice system. Reentry came with the seemingly inescapable poverty areas that these inmates are released back into. Here we will further discuss the different cause of mass incarceration and thus reentry, reducing mass incarceration and mass reentry, and also finding ways to downsize prisons to help prevent mass incarceration and ma...


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...ng those two then the criminals will not be in the prison. We would have to find different sentencing sanctions to use in the place of incarceration. It sometimes seems as if the courts are throwing to much at the individuals due to the thought of high incarceration will prevent crime. Although, studies show little relationship between increasing incarceration and reduction in crime, (Jacobson, 2005). According to Jacobson (2005), we should first start by legislatures repealing all mandatory minimum penalties, to include the “three-strikes” law. Second, legislatures would make an investment in creditable, well-managed penalties that will serve as a sanction between prison and probation, (Jacobson, 2005). Lastly, authority for creating the rules of sentencing would be delegated to the administration agency, often but not called sentencing commission, (Jacobson, 2005).

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