1692, mass hysteria and paranoia fogs over a small town in Massachusetts. A tale of greed, scapegoating and fear of the unknown leads to devastation and death. Arthur Miller’s The Crucible makes the effects of scapegoating, hysteria, paranoia, and greed evident through the actions of Tituba, Parris, the girls and other townspeople. Miller uses the hysteria as a way to validate the ignorance and gullibility of Salems townspeople.
A black slave from Barbados,Tituba, states that her “slave sense has warned her that, as always, trouble in this house eventually lands on her back” (8). As a black woman who lives in a never ending subordinate position, her instincts tell her to prepare herself so that once again she is not the first to feel blame. When accused of wrongdoing Abigail immediately attempts to take all of the blame off her and place it onto an easy scapegoat, “I never called him! Tituba, Tituba…” -Abigail(40). However, Tituba is not the only character to fall victim of false accusation. John Proctor, father of two, adulterer, and farmer, convinces servant, Mary Warren, to confess her lies about her seeing the Devil. Mary Warren goes before the tribunal as spectral evidence against Abigail and the other girls that were dancing in the woods. However, Abigail and the town girls begin to imitate Mary’s every word as an act of witchcraft, Mary pleads for her to stop. After Mary realizes that she is not believed, John Proctor becomes an easy scapegoat, “ Mary- Don’t touch me- don’t touch me! Proctor- Mary! Mary- You’re the Devil’s Man!” (110). The Salem Witch Trials may not be a part of history today without the use of finger-pointing, and greed, which ultimately led ...
... middle of paper ...
...craft and Communism. He stubbornly refused their allegations and continued with his idea, arguing the point of how witchcraft did exist, proven by the death of two hundred thousand.
A signature of your name, ultimately bequeaths your life. Even though thousands of men and women sold their name, the few who grasp on to their pride share their ultimate fate with John Proctor, “Because it is my name! Because I cannot have another in my life! Because I lie and sign myself to lies! Because I am not worth the dust on the feet of them that hang! How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul; leave me my name!”(133). Arthur Miller describes a beautiful allegory of past and present through literary themes of scapegoating, greed and hysteria. Miller also introduces an interesting parallel of human ethics, if you lie you live, but tell the truth and you will hang.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “When dealing with people, remember you are not dealing with creatures of logic, but with creatures of emotion, creatures bristling with prejudice and motivated by pride and vanity.” - Dale Carnegie This quote pertains to many different circumstances in The Crucible. People are complex, there are many things in life that makes them do illogical things and let their emotions get to them. We have good sides and bad sides and when we let our emotions get to us, we do things that are selfish, ending in hurting other people.... [tags: Essay on The Crucible]
632 words (1.8 pages)
- Greed In the words of philosopher Erich Fromm, “Greed is a bottomless pit which exhausts the person in an endless effort to satisfy the need without ever reaching satisfaction.’’ It can be technically defined as the propensity to want more than what is absolutely necessary for survival, but to someone who values his quality of life by the quantity of his possessions, it is more than just another antonym for ascetic. To the one caught up in the throes of perpetual seeking, nothing matters more than an almost-feverish accumulation, and any means are justifiable so long as they bring about the desired end- not that there is an actual limit to how far greed can stretch.... [tags: Greed]
508 words (1.5 pages)
- Hysteria is characterized as an uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear, often characterized by irrationality. Wherever hysteria takes place, it seems to condone distortion of the truth, unfathomable actions, and illogical accusations causing communities to rip apart. Hysteria supplants logic and enables people to believe that their neighbors, whom they grown to trust, do things that one would normally find anomalous. People who died in the haste of fear and uncertainty were often unnecessary because fear clouds the judgment and perception of a person.... [tags: Hysteria, the crucible, aurthur miller, fear, psyc]
525 words (1.5 pages)
- Hysteria is characterized as an uncontrollable outburst of emotion or fear, often portrayed by irrationality. Hysteria supplants logic and enables people to believe that their neighbors, whom they have grown to trust, do things that one would normally find anomalous much like in Arthur Millers The Crucible. Wherever hysteria takes place, it fosters distortion of truth, unfathomable actions, and false accusations causing communities to rip apart. People who died in the haste of fear and uncertainty were unnecessary because fear clouds the judgment and perception of a person.... [tags: Hysteria, Arthur Miller, Crucible, ]
640 words (1.8 pages)
- Since time immemorial, people have been trying to institutionalize moral values. love kindness, patience, contentment are just a few out of the plethora of positive traits. However, mankind being imperfect beings can never achieve perfection. Of all the vices that human possess, greed could be said to be the most influential. It is the distinct opposite of contentment and the very trait that has cause the fall of many countries. Perhaps most disturbing is that fact that greed has also torn apart countless families who would have otherwise been living in happiness.... [tags: greed, vices, philosophy,]
683 words (2 pages)
- Examining Greed in The Rocking Horse Winner In "The Rocking Horse Winner" D. H. Lawrence tells us about the traumatic downfall of an upper middle class family struggling to maintain appearances through habitual overspending. Both the parents with common jobs and "expensive tastes" (pg.646) exploit all their resources to give their family the best; however, it was only to retain their high status in the society. "The Rocking Horse Winner" depicts a common demon we all face; greed, society's need for more possessions and money often drives people to do drastic things.<p>The magnificently decorated house had always been haunted by the unspoken phrase, "there must be more money" (pg.646).... [tags: Book Reviews Greed and Society]
642 words (1.8 pages)
- Hysteria Hysteria is a known physical problem without a known biological reason. Sigmund Freud, one believer that was willing to take a chance, believed that if it was not a biological problem it must be a psychological one. Therefore psychology must be the cure. When Freud gave these patients a chance to express their anger, humiliation, and disgust about these experiences. Their symptoms began to vanish. Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 at Freeburg, Moravia, now Prior in the Czech Republic.... [tags: Papers]
535 words (1.5 pages)
- “In the beginning was Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, who freed the emerging science from the chains of superstition, introduced empirical observation and the bedside manner, and both identified and named ‘hysteria’” (Gilman 1993, 3). Hippocrates, lived in ancient Greece from 460 BCE to 377 BCE, the first [known] person to study hysterical actions believed (as did the proceding Greeks and Romans) that hysteria was strictly a female problem, and in many cases almost any problem a female had was considered ‘hysteria’ (Gilman 1993, 4).... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1628 words (4.7 pages)
- Hysteria is a very unique and abnormal mental disease. What makes it so interesting is that it causes physical symptoms that someone would not normally experience. “Mental conflicts are unconsciously converted to symptoms that appear to be physical, but for which no organic cause is found';(Hysteria 1). One major outburst of hysteria occurred in 1692, resulting in the deaths of twenty-four innocent lives. “By the time hysteria had spent itself, twenty-four people had died';(TWHSTSV 2).... [tags: essays research papers]
666 words (1.9 pages)
- Hysteria In 1692, in Salem Massachusetts, the superstition of witches existed. In The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, a group of young girls act up and are then accused of being witches. These girls then blame other people in order to get out of trouble and even pretend to be "bewitched" in front of the court during a trial. This leads into the deaths of some innocent people who were accused found guilty. The leader of the group is Abigail, who is in love with John Proctor. Many situations in the poem can still be found in modern examples.... [tags: essays papers]
513 words (1.5 pages)