Maslow's Hierarchy Of Need Essays

Maslow's Hierarchy Of Need Essays

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Maslow's Hierarchy of Need

INTRODUCTION

Many managers are puzzled by the question why some workers doing easy job remain dissatisfied, while others engaged in performance of complicated tasks are completely satisfied? What should be done for the people to work better? What stimulates their desire to work? Only knowing what are the main factors stimulating a man to act, what kind of motives lay as a basis of a man’s activities, one can try to develop an efficient system for work motivation.

In the process of human development, governors and managers noticed that material factors did not motivate workers so efficiently and the key motivating factor is not of material nature, but of psychological one.

A lot of various motivation theories were created by such authors as: Abraham Maslow, Frederick Herzberg, Douglas McGregor, David McClelland and others. In that particular paper the author will explore two motivation theories – Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and two factor theory of F. Herzberg.

The goal of the paper is comparative analysis of the theories of two authors.
The paper consists of three parts: the first two parts give a theoretical insight into two theories. The third part deals with comparison of two theories.

1. Maslow's hierarchy of needs

The notion of motivation is often explained in different ways. According to the Webster’s American Dictionary motivation is:

“The forces acting either on or within a person to initiate behavior.” (1997)

Common people use this term to describe their own and other people desire to do any job.

Abraham Maslow (1908-1970), American psychologist, one of the leaders of so-called humanistic psychology is known as a founder of the hierarchy of nee...


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Internet sources
1. Christopher D. Green, (2000)
A Theory of Human Motivation. A.H. Maslow (1943).
Retrieved on October, 29th , 2007 from
http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Maslow/motivation.htm
2. Huitt, W. (2004)
Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs. Educational Psychology Interactive.
Retrieved on October,29th, 2007 from
http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/regsys/maslow.html
3. Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory (1959)
Retrieved on October 30th, 2007 from
http://www.examstutor.com/business/resources/studyroom/people_and_organisations/motivation_theory/4-herzbergstwofactortheory.php?style=
4. Wikpedia, the free encyclopaedia
Two Factor Theory
Retrieved on October 30th, 2007 from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two_factor_theory

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