Maslow 's Theory Of Ego Development Essays

Maslow 's Theory Of Ego Development Essays

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Psychologists Bauer, Schwab, and McAdams conducted research with a grant from the Foley Family Foundation on the paradox surrounding psychosocial maturity and self-actualization in relation to well-being. “They were attempting to provide a theoretical explanation for how well-being might emerge normatively at the highest stage of psychosocial maturity. They researched several theories of personality development that posit a highest stage of development that parallels Maslow’s stage of self-actualizing, among the theories studied were the integrated stage of Loevinger’s (1976) ego development (ED), inter-individual self-understanding in Kegan’s (1982) model of the evolving self, universalizing faith in Fowler’s (1981) model of faith development, and ego integrity in Erikson’s (1959/1994) psychosocial development” (Bauer 121). Loevinger’s theory of ego development (even though ED is not a theory of psychological health as typically defined) explicitly aligns the highest stage of ED, the “Integrated stage” with Maslow’s self-actualizing stage. Ed has eight characteristics with “Impulsive” being the first stage, the seventh is “Autonomous”, and “Integrated” being the eight and highest characteristic. “The last two stages, Autonomous and Integrated, have both been compared to Maslow’s portrait of self-actualizing” (Bauer 124). The researchers argue that even though the highest stage of ED does not capture the full range of characteristics of self-actualizing, it does capture enough of self-actualizing to warrant a parallel.
“Well-being is typically studied as a relatively enduring personality characteristic that may change temporarily according to life circumstances but then returns to a set point for the majority of people” (Bauer 1...


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...thin the individual. Maslow looked for motivation behind every action, whereas Allport looked for definitive traits that describe the individual’s personality. Allport was more invested in the idea that uniqueness played a certain role in maintaining the progression toward becoming a “healthy adult” and his studies leaned more toward philosophical speculation and common sense. Allport’s research on personality regarding the different characteristic of each individual helps bring an understanding to the parts of a personality that make each individual unique, while Maslow’s research regarding the study of an individual’s needs and his or her motivating factors brings an understanding of human motivation and primary drives that develop into a hierarchy of needs. Together, Maslow and Allport help us to understand what happened to Charlie Sheen’s emotional inner psyche.

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