Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs Theory Essay

Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs Theory Essay

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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory can explain the manager’s actions. Specifically, the lower-order need Safety. The manager acted out in order to protect the stability of the company and prevent employees from eating food for free. Under Alderfer’s ERG Theory the manager was acting out of protecting his growth needs. As he was attempting to stop a behavior that tarnishes his work record and prevents him from receiving a bonus. Subject to McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory the manager catered to the Need for Achievement. The manager was attempting to solve a problem with his workers by enacting a new rule. Motivator Factors under Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory explains the manager’s decision as well. He took action in order to receive recognition and advancement within the company. Equity Theory can be argued in this situation; the manager felt it was unfair that the employees got a free meal every 6 hours yet won’t pay for damaged product or will eat freely during their shift. Therefore the manager changed it from 6 to 12 hours of work. According to the Expectancy Theory it could be argued that the manager expected the employees to act a certain way that which did not damage or use product the company then would have to pay back. Therefore, the manager took action as effort and performance put in by the employees was not acceptable to the manager. Finally, the goal-setting theory sets a target that which one needs to accomplish. When the employees did not meet this target goal the manager changed the hours. The best possible explanation for the manger’s actions in this case would be Alderfer’s ERG Theory. The manager acted in a way to obtain his bonus and stop a nonprofitable behavior by his employees in order to continue personal ...


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...e on goals the minimum wage employees can actually accomplish we can expect to see Motivator Factors to take action. The sense of achievement and recognition will cause productivity to increase and inequity to decrease. The Affiliation Need under McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory will also have a positive effect on the company. The high turnover and lack of respect described in the situation indicate very little personal relationships are formed within the company. The looming threat of termination at any time causes employees to be less social and approachable. The lack of interpersonal relationships is a big factor on staff mood and overall staff productivity. The Need for Power as seen by the manager’s actions needs to scaled down by removing the lie detector test. Doing so will increase decrease job dissatisfaction by improving the relationship with subordinates.

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