Two proponents most noted for humanistic approaches to personality are Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Both the Person-Centered Theory (Rogers) and the Hierarchy of Needs (Maslow) considered that humans ' true nature was good and that each has the potential for growth. A comparison of the two approaches demonstrates a compatibility between theory and practice. Furthermore, each approach focuses on individual choices and rejects the theory that biology will determine human potential.
Compare person-centered theory with Maslow 's hierarchy of needs.
The hierarchy of needs and person-centered theory share humanistic psychology’s approach toward the person. In the Abraham Maslow hierarchy of needs, humans satisfy needs in a specific order. The basic needs necessary for survival must be met before higher levels can be achieved. As higher levels are achieved, a person has an opportunity to work toward a higher potential. In Ascending order these needs are described as follows (Cloninger, 2013):
1. Physiological - Food, water, shelter
2. Security - Safety, employment, assets
3. Social - Family, belonging, friendship, intimacy
4. Esteem -self-worth, accomplishment, confidence
5. Self-Actualization - inner fulfillment
The person-centered theory recognizes and trusts human potential. Actualizing tendency is part of the person-centered theory and the hierarchy of needs that life processes move beyond merely preserving life, but expands to develop capacities in seeking meaning, creative outlets, and questioning values. The self is an important construct examined by both, in the expression of maintaining and enhancing the self (Rogers, 1959).
While the person-centered theory and hierarchy of needs reject...
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...sented by Abraham Maslow`s hierarchy of needs. This theory proposed ascending stages to the fulfillment of a person from basic survival (physiological), safety (security), belonging (social), and self-worth (esteem) to inner fulfillment (self-actualization).
Carl Rogers developed a theory of the fully functioning person who integrates the real self with the ideal self. There is an agreement of positive psychology between Rogers and Maslow’s theories, and each build upon the other thereby achieving compatibility.
A person’s self-image weighs heavily on conditional and unconditional positive regard. Rogers’ theory is the one that most closely reflects my belief on personal growth and development. Rogers ' theory has an individualistic approach compared to Maslow 's theory in regards to reaching self-actualization and congruency between the real self and ideal self.
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