Furthermore, this dissertation aimed to provide explanations for why young males join gangs. It found that although there are several risk factors that motivate young people to join a gang, gaining a s...
... middle of paper ...
...y, respect or social and cultural capital within the community. Finally, the dissertation looked the benefits and consequences of desistance from gang membership. Becoming a parent was highlighted as a major turning point for most gang members, as this did not only allow them to seek a better future for themselves and family but they were able to portray their masculine identity in a positive light e.g. finding legitimate jobs, teaching their children what it means to be a real man etc. However, the research found that desisting from gangs is not as easily compared to joining gangs, thus, many gang members find themselves drawn back to the gang lifestyle. Hence, there is a need for the government to produce SMART intervention programs to meet the criminogenic needs of these young gang members and provide resources that will enable gang members to desist from gangs.
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