Sartre's philosophy was often deemed as pessimistic, overlooking human solidarity and a propeller of quietism. (17-19 ) For this reason he composes the argument that existentialism is a type of humanism. Sartre considers himself an atheist existentialist, but regardless of his disbelief in God, he asserts that man is what he chooses to be. A man's choice however does not only develop from the individual's reason but also by considering the factors outside of himself. In order for a man to exist as an entity of any sort, man must think of himself as something and thereafter pursue it. Sartre proposes:
“This [existentialism] is humanism because we remind man that there is no legislator other than himself and that he must, in his abandoned state, make his own choices, and also because we show that it is not by turning inward, but by constantly seeking a g...
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...ly for Mary Shelley the combination between our perceptions, actions, and the perceptions of other are what causes reality. Sartre emphasizes action more that others perceptions, Woolf emphasizes the many perceptions more than action, and Shelley creates a balance between the two. However all three authors suggest that thoughts, actions and the consciousness of the other which help to elucidate and make reality.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. Existentialism Is a Humanism = (L'Existentialisme Est Un Humanisme) ; Including, a Commentary on The Stranger (Explication De L'Étranger). Ed. John Kulka. New Haven: Yale UP, 2007. Print.
Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft. Frankenstein: The 1818 Text, Contexts, Criticism. Ed. J. Paul Hunter. 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2012. Print.
Woolf, Virginia. To the Lighthouse. Ed. Mark Hussey. Orlando: Harcourt, 2005. Print.
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