Marxist Lens Analysis of Kafka's Metamorphosis Essay examples

Marxist Lens Analysis of Kafka's Metamorphosis Essay examples

Length: 1307 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Marxist Lens Analysis of the Metamorphosis
Alyssa Chacon
Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis is a novella that follows the story of Gregor Samsa who, one day, wakes up as an insect. On the surface, it’s just a story about a man who’s transformed into a bug; but, when deeper analyzed, you come to understand that it’s a about a man who was always a bug conflicted by his identity in a class struggle between what is known as the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. Kafka’s work was written in a time in history when the struggles between the classes were becoming more defined due to the rise of industrialization and other changing social structures. This story can best be interpreted though a Marxist lens. In Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, his Marxist ideology comes through in the way the characters represent the struggle between the proletariat and bourgeoisie classes during the turn of the century.
It’s apparent in Kafka’s The Metamorphosis -as with any author- that his own personal experiences influence his work. His socio-economic status matches up with that of the Samsa’s. Kafka had a Jewish, German-speaking family. They were middle-class and lived in Prague, which was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at that time. Where Kafka lived, there was disunity between Czech- and German-speaking people. The Jewish community found themselves stuck in between, which probably left Kafka in search of an identity considering he was fluent in both languages. Gregor had a similar experience when his father was no longer able to work and he had to support the family. They went from being upper-middle class to lower-middle class and perhaps even poor. The family was conflicted by their transition from the bourgeoisie to the proletarian class.
The proleta...


... middle of paper ...


...tical citations for The Metamorphosis follow the format: (Part.Chapter.Paragraph). If it’s unknown where the quote is from, it’s cited as (Kafka). The Communist Manifesto is cited by its page number.
Works Cited:
Bourgeois. Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 06 Apr. 2014. .
Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. New York: Bantam, 1986.
Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engels. "The Communist Manifesto." The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed. Vincent B. Leitch. New York: Norton, 2001. 769-773.
Proletariat. Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 06 Apr. 2014. .
Reese, Robert J. "Marxist Theory in The Metamorphosis." CaSaWoMo. N.p., 2004. Web. 01 Apr. 2014. .

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Life is Fractured by Class Struggle in Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosi

- ... He was a tool of the boss, without brains or backbone” (4-5). Gregor’s production is worth more than he gets paid, and the money that he does earn goes straight to his father’s debt. His boss has total control over the “travelling,” the “changing trains,” the “miserable food,” and every other aspect of his job. His only concern is the production of his workers and the profit that he accumulates as a result of that labor. When Gregor did not show up to work, rather than working harder to replace his production, Gregor’s boss came to his home to see why he had not come to work....   [tags: vermin, society, marxist theory]

Strong Essays
1274 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on The Metamorphosis Through The Lens Of Self Alienation

- William Sokel is a scholar of the 20th century who is best known for his work on 20th century European literature. Sokel approaches Kafka’s The Metamorphosis through the lens of self-alienation. Self-alienation is just one of many aspects of Marxism that Sokel touches on. Through Marxism Sokel depicts labor, capitalism, and self-alienation in the novel. Sokel is also able to portray the immense guilt that consumes Gregor because he is unable to work and provide for his family. The work that Sokel has produced about the novel has helped define the nature of capitalism as well as what happened to Gregor Samsa....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Capitalism, Jacques Lacan]

Strong Essays
2057 words (5.9 pages)

The Marxist/ Economic Lens and Capitalism Essay

- The Marxist/ Economic lens serves to promote economic change such as overcoming capitalism and those with the power of wealth as well as incorporating the roles of money, politics, and power in literature. It emphasizes that literary works are a product of the economic and social conditions of either its time or the time the story is set to where it has been utilized most on books and drama where the influences of the time period remain much more prevalent (Brizee). Used to portray ways of how certain forces chose to allocate power between groups, the lens incorporates class conflicts as well as the preference of materialism over spirituality (DiYanni 2173)....   [tags: wealth, power, money politics]

Strong Essays
1412 words (4 pages)

Essay about Marxist Perspective on Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

- Marxist Perspective on Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis On the surface, Franz Kafka's 1916 novella, The Metamorphosis, seems to be just a tale of a man who woke up one morning to find himself transformed into an insect. But, a closer reading with Marx and Engel's economic theories in mind reveals an overarching metaphor that gives the improbable story a great deal of relevance to the structure of society. Gregor Samsa, the protagonist, signifies the proletariat, or the working class, and his unnamed manager represents the bourgeoisie....   [tags: Metamorphosis essays Kafka Marx]

Strong Essays
1813 words (5.2 pages)

Analysis Of Kafka 's ' The Metamorphosis ' Essay

- The Metamorphosis is a novella byFranz Kafka, first published in 1915. It has been called one of the seminal works of fiction of the 20th century and is studied in colleges and universities across the Western world. The story begins with a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking to find himself transformed (metamorphosed) into a large, monstrous insect-like creature. The cause of Gregor 's transformation is never revealed, and Kafka himself never gave an explanation. The rest of Kafka 's novella deals with Gregor 's attempts to adjust to his new condition as he deals with being burdensome to his parents and sister, who are repelled by the horrible, verminous creature Gregor has become....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa]

Strong Essays
1023 words (2.9 pages)

Examining The Metamorphosis From a Marxist Perspective Essay

- One of the saddest aspects of Franz Kafka's novella, The Metamorphosis, concerns the fact that young Gregor Samsa genuinely cares about this family, working hard to support them, even though they do little for themselves. On the surface, Kafka's 1916 novella, seems to be just a tale of Gregor morphing into a cockroach, but a closer reading with Marx and Engels' economic theories , unveils an impressive metaphor that gives the improbable story a great deal of relevance to the structure of Marxist society....   [tags: Franz Kafka]

Strong Essays
1201 words (3.4 pages)

Franz Kafka's Novella, The Metamorphosis Essay

- One of the saddest aspects of Franz Kafka's novella, The Metamorphosis, concerns the fact that young Gregor Samsa genuinely cares about this family, working hard to support them, even though they do little for themselves. On the surface, Kafka's 1916 novella, seems to be just a tale of Gregor morphing into a cockroach, but, a closer reading with Marx and Engels economic theories in mind, reveals an imposing metaphor that gives the improbable story a great deal of relevance to the structure of Marxist society....   [tags: Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis]

Strong Essays
1197 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Marxist Analysis of Religion

- Karl Marx is fundamentally important within sociology. He is considered to be one of the key thinkers of sociological thought. Despite his death in 1883, Marxist analysis still has considerable significance and credibility within the study of society. His basic assumptions are still widely used and referred to, even in the understanding of modern phenomenon. Despite his large body of work, Marx actually wrote very little about religion. However, within some of his publications he provided the basis of his sociological analysis and interpretation of religion within society....   [tags: sociological analysis]

Strong Essays
1910 words (5.5 pages)

An Analysis of Frank Kafka's The Metamorphosis Essay

- An Analysis of Frank Kafka's The Metamorphosis In the metamorphosis by Frank Kafka, there are significant actions and transformations which make the story sad, and strange with a happy ending. Explanations that are dramatic events that intensify the excitement of all these actions. Reality and refection play and important role in this story because the events that happened could be applied and assimilated with modern society. the story is very sad and realistic, some of the things tha are related in Kafka's story can be found in modern families today....   [tags: Kafka Metamorphosis Essays]

Free Essays
864 words (2.5 pages)

Analysis of The Hunger Artist by Kafka Essay

- Analysis of The Hunger Artist by Kafka Hunger is a term that is often defined as the physical feeling for the need to eat. However, the Hunger Artist in Kafka's A Hunger Artist places a different, more complex meaning to this word, making the Hunger Artist's name rather ironic. The hunger of the Hunger Artist is not for food. As described at the end of the essay, the Hunger Artist states that he was in fact never hungry, he just never found anything that he liked. So then, what does this man's hunger truly mean....   [tags: Essays Papers Kafka Hunger Artist]

Strong Essays
1699 words (4.9 pages)