Essay on Marxism : Marxism And Marxism

Essay on Marxism : Marxism And Marxism

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Every story can be viewed in several different ways, and one of these different ways of viewing stories is Marxism; Marxism consists of the political and economic theories created by Karl Marx; its posits and oppositional relationship between the Proletariat, the working class, and the capitalist Bourgeoisie, those members of society that own the means of production. Marx believed that the government exploited its power to oppress the laboring masses for the benefit of the wealthy white portion of society. Ernest Hemingway, an American novelist and short story writer in the twentieth century, wrote many short stories during his lifetime, one of them being “The Doctor and the Doctor’s Wife”, which can be viewed through the Marxist lens. This short story consists of several Native American log workers, the Proletariat, and the wealthy white citizens of the society (in this story, the Doctor), the Bourgeoisie. The story follows the Doctor’s day as he interacts with the log workers and later, with his family. Ernest Hemingway, in his short story “The Doctor and the Doctor’s Wife”, blurs the lines of distinction between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat to show that the Marxist concept of different social classes is not completely true.
First, Hemingway blurs the lines between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat and utilizes the characters’ interactions to make the distinction between the two groups vague. When viewed through a Marxist lens, there are supposedly distinct differences in the oppositional relationship between the Proletariat (the working class) and the Bourgeoisie (those who own the means of production). However, Hemingway obscures the lines of distinction through the way that certain characters interact with each othe...


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...sband to do anything that will displease Boulton; This again puts Dick Boulton in an awkward middle position between the two social classes. All in all, Hemingway utilizes the race differences between the characters to make the lines of distinction between the Proletariat and the Bourgeoisie hazed.
Through the Marxist lense, Ernest Hemingway’s “The Doctor and the Doctor’s Wife” implements that the lines of distinction between different social classes are blurred, and suggests that there are people who stand in different places on the social class continuum, the lowest being the Proletariat and the highest being the Bourgeoisie. Interactions and dialogues between the Doctor and Dick Boulton as well as racial tensions between the Native Americans and the wealthy white citizens are just a few ways Hemingway conveys the hazy lines of distinction between social classes.

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