Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

Length: 1222 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

1. Marx’s theory of alienation describes the separation of things that naturally belong together. For Marx, alienation is experienced in four forms. These include alienation from ones self, alienation from the work process, alienation from the product and alienation from other people. Workers are alienated from themselves because they are forced to sell their labor for a wage. Workers are alienated from the process because they don’t own the means of production. Workers are alienated from the product because the product of labor belongs to the capitalists. Workers do not own what they produce. Workers are alienated from other people because in a capitalist economy workers see each other as competition for jobs. Thus for Marx, labor is simply a means to an end.
Rousseau believes total alienation, where people give up everything, is required to achieve a legitimate society. For Rousseau, total alienation of each person to the community means that no one is dependent on another person. Everyone has an equal voice.

2. Rousseau’s version of the social contract depends on his characteristics of “the state of nature”. Rousseau once said “Man is born free, but he is everywhere in chains.” Meaning, that our physical freedom is still repressed by our government and society. In his social contract, the people limit their own individual rights in order to create a better-organized society. He states that in the state of nature, we lack rationality and all morals, but that this is actually better than what society currently is. He goes on to say that only in society and in the context of his social contract, is there a capacity for moral reasoning. He believed that only through this way, are we even fully human.


3. Smith argue...


... middle of paper ...


...mes separated from his or her own humanity he or she becomes estranged from their own human potential. The act of production becomes disagreeable. It is human nature to produce. Estrangement from species being is not what is essentially human. The point Marx makes in regard to species being is that in a capitalist society workers are hurt and human nature becomes distorted.
Marx asserts the reality of the material world. Historical materialism states that the way human beings produce determines their desires. Economics is the driving force. Ultimately, its material forces of production determine society. Our labor creates something. Production of labor reflects our purpose. When our labor is no longer an expression of purpose we become estranged. Estranged labor takes away our species being because we suppress what distinguishes ourselves from other animals.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Theory of Alienation: Marx and Nietzsche

- Marx’s theory of alienation is concerned primarily with social interaction and production; he believes that we are able to overcome our alienation through human emancipation. Marx’s theory of alienation is the process by which social organized productive powers are experienced as external or alien forces that dominate the humans that create them. He believes that production is man’s act on nature and on himself. Man’s relationship with nature is his relationship with his tools, or means of production....   [tags: Theory of Alienation]

Strong Essays
2372 words (6.8 pages)

Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

- 1. Marx’s theory of alienation describes the separation of things that naturally belong together. For Marx, alienation is experienced in four forms. These include alienation from ones self, alienation from the work process, alienation from the product and alienation from other people. Workers are alienated from themselves because they are forced to sell their labor for a wage. Workers are alienated from the process because they don’t own the means of production. Workers are alienated from the product because the product of labor belongs to the capitalists....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Adam Smith]

Strong Essays
1222 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Marx 's Theory Of Alienation

- According to Marx his theory of alienation is a result of the capitalist mode of production and the cruelty of money. In the world of capitalism, the realization of labour appears as a loss of reality for labour workers. The worker turns foreign to the world he lives in thus, alienation leading to social classes. Marx considers there are four different types of alienation: “Alienation of the worker from the product where the worker is alienated from the object they produce because it is owned by the capitalist; alienation of the worker from the process of production where the process of production is not determined by the producers or the consumers but the by the Capitalist class for profit;...   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Sociology, Capitalism]

Strong Essays
1419 words (4.1 pages)

Alienation By Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay example

- Though Karl Marx’s theory of alienation contains value in examining the modern worker, it does not apply to the remarkable few whom avoid estrangement and ultimately benefit from capitalist society. For example, pop icon Beyoncé Knowles is not alienated due to the immense power she obtained that allows her to express more than just labour. As she does not own the means of production, Beyoncé cannot be considered a bourgeoisie, yet she escapes the alienation afflicting the proletariat. Because of her unique circumstances, Beyoncé becomes unaffected by capitalism’s suppression of the species-essence....   [tags: Capitalism, Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism]

Strong Essays
1539 words (4.4 pages)

Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay examples

- In this essay I will examine Karl Marx’s theory of alienation. Firstly I will explain Karl Marx’s views on human society, capitalism and how it leads to alienation. After explaining alienation I will discuss it more in depth, to do so I will primarily look at three main aspects of alienation. The first aspect being one’s alienation from their own work. From here I will discuss the second aspect which is one’s alienation from themselves. Lastly I will discuss the third aspect; how workers were alienated from each other....   [tags: Capitalism, Marxism, Karl Marx, Communism]

Strong Essays
954 words (2.7 pages)

Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay examples

- Karl Marx’s Theory of Alienation: An Interpretation and Critical Evaluation Karl Marx is one of the most influential socialists, economists, and philosophers to emerge in the 19th century. His work was largely ignored by the scholars of his lifetime, yet has gained rapid acceptance since his death in 1883. One of his greatest works includes the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 which introduces his central concepts of alienation labor. In this essay I will provide an interpretation of what I understand Marx’s account of alienated labor to be well as a critical evaluation of the material he provides....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Meaning of life, Marxism]

Strong Essays
1843 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation And False Consciousness

- "The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class are to represent and repress them." -Karl Marx 's. The German economist Karl Marx 's briefly explains that in our society today all individuals are placed inside a system from birth that gives one person power while the other is oppressed and degraded by the unspoken caste system in western society today. He has several socialistic views ways that explain the problems with the capitalist society we live in such as his ideological principle called Marxism, which has several topics conveyed such as conflict theory, and alienation and false consciousness....   [tags: Karl Marx, Sociology, Marxism, Working class]

Strong Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

Karl Marx 's Theory Of Capitalism And Alienation Essay

- When you hear the name Karl Marx (1818-1883), it is tempting to wonder and question why you should be studying him, considering that he’s been dead for over a hundred years already. This German philosopher had become one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century. Marx’s ideas all come together and holds that human societies develop through class struggles, a conflict between the ruling classes (known as the bourgeoisie) that dominates over the working class (known as the proletariat)....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism, Working class]

Strong Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Karl Marx And Emile Durkheim 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

- Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim are two great men of all time. Their knowledge and views on social issues have influence the development of sociology. This commentary will examine and contrast two theories - Marx’s theory of alienation and Durkheim’s theory of anomie and apply modern social issues to traditional sociological theory. Marx theory of alienation had embedded in social structure that was due to capitalism. He stated that, before the great transformation, the market was serving the society, people where connecting and communicating through the trading and barter system....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, Religion]

Strong Essays
796 words (2.3 pages)

Marx and His Theory of Alienation Essay

- Marx and His Theory of Alienation Marx wrote "On The Jewish Question" in 1844. It was a written response to Bauer's works. In his works, Bauer said that Jews should give up their religion and fight for their civil rights. Bauer believed the Jews should become emancipated from the Germans and Christians. Marx contradicted this entire belief through the idea that civil emancipation does truly emancipate. In "On the Jewish Question," Marx went on to criticize the liberal notion of universal human rights....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
643 words (1.8 pages)