Essay about The Marx And Marx 's Views On History And Society, By Robert C. Tucker

Essay about The Marx And Marx 's Views On History And Society, By Robert C. Tucker

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The Marx-Engels Reader by Robert C. Tucker is an anthology containing essential writings of German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Major writing selections are to understand Marx perspective about history and society, such as The German Ideology. Marx introduces his historical materialism philosophy in the German Ideology: Part 1 of this book, where he proposes communism. Although I agree with a few points Marx gives, I cannot accept his overall conclusion that communism is the only way to become truly free. Marx suggest abolishing private property ownership and remove economic power from the hands of privileged people to accomplish freedom.
To understand Marx point of view, lets learn some background on him. Marx and Engels met when they both belong to the Young Hegelian movement. Hegelians supported their beliefs on faith and everything was categorize under religious creeds (p.148). For Marx economic relationships were the methods of production and for Hegel it was the ideas that allowed production to occur. Over time Marx disagree with the Hegelian theory and he began to write critiques on Hegel 's philosophy. Hegelian beliefs were not allowing individuals to understand real life, instead it was keeping them back from making changes and facing real life. He explains how understanding society or changing it we had to examine their activities and their material conditions (p.149). Once individuals began to distinguished themselves from anything around them, they were able to engage in producing their needs; and define who they were as an individual (p.150).
In the German Ideology Marx says, “On the contrary, our difficulties begin only when we set about the observation and the arrangement – the real depiction ...


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...lienation for the proletarians, this is why Marx suggest abolishing the private property. The lower class stop living for themselves and live to make their owners rich. This is a problem because everyone that does not belong to the upper class suffer economically and mentally. If this pattern does not change then it will continue to be passed generation after generation. “... by the overthrow of the existing state of society by the communist revolution and the abolition of private property which is identical with it, this power, which so baffles the German theoreticians, will be accomplished in the measure in which history becomes transformed into world history” (p.163). Abolishing private property will set the lower class free and bring desire to live once again and thrive. To break this barrier economic power needs to be removed from the hands of privileged people.

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