Marx And Freud 's Theory Of Alienation And Discontent Essays

Marx And Freud 's Theory Of Alienation And Discontent Essays

Length: 1339 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Marx and Freud
The source of alienation and discontent has been argued by many people, two major people being Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx. Marx believed that the source of man’s alienation came from society, specifically the economy and state. Freud argued that discontentment came from a more personal place, on more of a psychological level. Marx’s solution was to abolish private property, eliminating people’s feelings of not seeing their work pay off. Freud’s method to eliminate discontentment was for people to attend therapy. Specifically, Freud used psychoanalysis, which is specific to a person’s subconscious.
Marx believed that the more a person worked the more alienated they felt. To Marx “alienation consists of the lack of community, so people cannot see their work as contributing to a group of which they are members, since the state is not a real community” (Stevenson, 143). He also perceived money as a cause of alienation. Money is what drives people to be an active member in society, for example where they work. People must work to survive. Marx sees this as selling themselves to their job, which is a form of alienation. He then broke down alienation into different types of alienation. One type of alienation Marx discussed was the alienation of man from himself. This is when a man “does not fulfil himself in his work but feels miserable, physically exhausted and mentally debased” (Stevenson, 142). When a man cannot see how his work is contributing to society as a whole, he begins to lose motivation to succeed. Also, when all of a person’s time and effort go into their work it will become their identity. People will lose their identity in their work, that’s all they will be known for, rather than their hobbies or talents...


... middle of paper ...


...d Marx give two different explanations for the cause of human discontentment and alienation. Freud believes that man’s discontentment comes from the subconscious of the mind. The inner battle between the Id and the superego lead to feelings of discontentment and people should seek help. The best solution Freud discovered was psychoanalysis to help understand what is going on in a person’s subconscious. Marx pinned the cause of alienation of humans to come from money and work, which in all is the economy. He saw that people had become alienated from themselves through their work. Their identity was their work, that’s all that they lived for. He viewed Communism as the solution to this problem, this removes private property with was a major source of alienation. It would take awhile to reach Communism but the final result was worth all the time it takes to get there.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Marx's Theory of Alienation Essay

- Marx's theory of alienation has to do with the separation of things that logically belong together. According to Marx, alienation is a universal result of capitalism. Marx's theory of alienation is based upon his observation that, within the capitalist mode of production, workers consistently lose determination of their lives and fates by being deprived of the right to envision themselves as the administrator of their actions. Workers become autonomous, self-realized people, but are lead and diverted into goals and activities set down by those who have power....   [tags: Marx's Theory of Alienation]

Better Essays
1075 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Theory of Alienation: Marx and Nietzsche

- Marx’s theory of alienation is concerned primarily with social interaction and production; he believes that we are able to overcome our alienation through human emancipation. Marx’s theory of alienation is the process by which social organized productive powers are experienced as external or alien forces that dominate the humans that create them. He believes that production is man’s act on nature and on himself. Man’s relationship with nature is his relationship with his tools, or means of production....   [tags: Theory of Alienation]

Better Essays
2372 words (6.8 pages)

Freud And Marx Essay

- Freud and Marx      Freud and Marx it can be argued were both, as individuals, dissatisfied with their societies. Marx more plainly than Freud, but Freud can also be seen as discontent in certain aspects such as his cynical view of human nature. Each were great thinkers and philosophers, but both seemed unhappy. Perhaps the social ills and trouble each perceived in the world about them were only the reflections of what each of the thinkers held within themselves. Each person observes the same world, but each of us interprets that information in a different way....   [tags: Sigmund Freud Karl Marx compare Essays]

Free Essays
1047 words (3 pages)

Essay on Comparing Marx and Freud

- Comparing Marx and Freud Marx and Freud are regarded as very controversial individuals. They both had very unusual view of the world around them but were not afraid to express their ideas, which to many people were revolutionary. Marx and Freud formulated their opinions about the development of human history with which some might disagree. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx states that development of human history is based on economics, while Freud in Civilization and its Discontents claims that history of civilization is influenced by human nature and interaction with one another....   [tags: Papers Karl Marx Freud Compare Contrast Essays]

Better Essays
901 words (2.6 pages)

The Connection between Civilization and Individuals in "Civilization and Its Discontents" by Sigmund Freud

- In Civilization and Its Discontents, Sigmund Freud writes primarily to examine the relationship between the individual and society. Through Freud's examination of the relationship, a deeper understanding of the complexity of mental life is realized. Freud begins to develop the relationship early in the work by depicting the most primitive realizations of self and the most primitive realizations of the external world. He further develops this relationship through the musing of sexual desire and its connections to love, which he claims, lead to the formation of families and then later groups of humanity that came to comprise civilization as a whole....   [tags: Civilization and Its Discontents, Sigmund Freud, ]

Better Essays
584 words (1.7 pages)

Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

- 1. Marx’s theory of alienation describes the separation of things that naturally belong together. For Marx, alienation is experienced in four forms. These include alienation from ones self, alienation from the work process, alienation from the product and alienation from other people. Workers are alienated from themselves because they are forced to sell their labor for a wage. Workers are alienated from the process because they don’t own the means of production. Workers are alienated from the product because the product of labor belongs to the capitalists....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Adam Smith]

Better Essays
1222 words (3.5 pages)

Karl Marx and Capitalist Alienation Essay

- The concept of alienation plays a significant role in Marx's early political writing, especially in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1848, but it is rarely mentioned in his later works. This implies that while Marx found alienation useful in investigating certain basic aspects of the development of capitalist society, it is less useful in putting forward the predictions of the collapse of capitalism. The aim of this essay is to explain alienation, and show how it fits into the pattern of Marx's thought....   [tags: Alienation Marxism Marxist]

Better Essays
1843 words (5.3 pages)

Karl Marx - Capitalist Alienation Essay

- Karl Marx - Capitalist Alienation THE TERM "alienation" in normal usage refers to a feeling of separateness, of being alone and apart from others. For Marx, alienation was not a feeling or a mental condition, but an economic and social condition of class society--in particular, capitalist society. Alienation, in Marxist terms, refers to the separation of the mass of wage workers from the products of their own labor. Marx first expressed the idea, somewhat poetically, in his 1844 Manuscripts: "The object that labor produces, its product, stands opposed to it as something alien, as a power independent of the producer." Most of us own neither the tools and machinery we work with nor the prod...   [tags: Alienation Capitalist Society Marxism]

Better Essays
649 words (1.9 pages)

Marx's Idea of Workers' Alienation From the Production Process Essay

- Alienation is a process in which humanity is progressively turned into stranger in world created by labour. (A. Swingewood 2000 p32). It succeeds in creating vast accumulations of wealth at one pole of society, an increase in value of thing achieved only at the cost of progressive defaulting human life itself. Alienation however, occur only when humanity having externalised itself, encounter it’s own activity, it essence, operating as an external, alien and oppressive power....   [tags: Workers' Alienation]

Free Essays
1627 words (4.6 pages)

Marx’s Alienation of Labour Essay

- Marx’s Alienation of Labour There is deep substance and many common themes that arose throughout Marx’s career as a philosopher and political thinker. A common expressed notion throughout his and Fredrick Engels work consists of contempt for the industrial capitalist society that was growing around him during the industrial revolution. Capitalism according to Marx is a “social system with inherent exploitation and injustice”. (Pappenheim, p. 81) It is a social system, which intrinsically hinders all of its participants and specifically debilitates the working class....   [tags: Karl Marx Labour Essays]

Better Essays
4459 words (12.7 pages)