Marx and Durkheim’s Views Contributed to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance?

Marx and Durkheim’s Views Contributed to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance?

Length: 888 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

How have Marx and Durkheim’s Views Contributed to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance?

Karl Marx’s Marxist theory and Emile Durkheim’s functionalist theory were both significant in their own ways and therefore made a large contribution to our perception and understanding of how crime and deviance occurs and is dealt with in society.

The Marxist theory on crime was focused on the concept that the huge shift towards a capitalist society was the root cause and driving force behind the formation of social divisions and subsequent increase in crime and conflict. Willem Bonger expanded on the Marxist theory by explaining that the capitalist shifts lead the law to focus on the proletariat divisions as the deviant members of society, they were believed to be the one to commit a crime, rather than be a victim of crime due to the social class they placed in. The bourgeoisie on the other hand; the powerful and wealthy, were almost totally overlooked by the law, it’s almost as if they were immune to the effects of the law and its enforcement because of their societal status. The emphasis on the way the law treated, or rather didn’t treat the higher classes has led to the understanding that wealth is an enormous factor in terms of how vulnerable and individual is to the effects of the law and assumptions of individuals deviant behaviour based on their social class.
It has also been suggested by Frank Pearce that use of ‘elite-favouring’ in capitalist societies has resulted in the intensification of lower class criminality. The lower class have been subsequently ‘branded’ as the people who deviate from ideal behaviour and cause the crime in society. A capitalist society being led to believe such labels and characteristics of the prol...


... middle of paper ...


...a great paradox about crime and deviance”
“We do not condemn it because it is a crime, it is a crime because we condemn it”

Page 254, Tim Newburn, Criminology, second edition, 2013, Routledge Oxfordshire, Uk

pages 395-396 Frank Pearce, Crimes of the powerful: Marxism, Crime and Deviance 1976 Pluto Press Limited London, England

Page 76, David Downes and Paul Rock, Understanding Deviance: A guide to the sociology of crime and rule breaking 2011 Oxford University Press inc. New York, US

Page 70, Eamonn Carrabine, Pam Cox, Maggy Lee, Ken Plummer and Nigel South, 2009. Criminology, A Sociological Introduction Second Edition Routledge USA

Notes on the sociology of deviance, social problems Kai T. Erikson 1962 volume 9

Public Confidence in policing: a neo- Durkheimian perspective Jonathan Jackson and Jason Sunshine 2007 british journal of criminology

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Sociological Understanding Of Crime And Criminal Justice Essay

- The sociological understanding of crime and criminal justice is called sociological criminology. This approach to understanding crime focuses on issues such as race, poverty, and the structure of communities and social relationships as a cause. John Hagan defined sociological criminology as structural criminology as it takes all of the previous issues and views their fundamental composition to determine if they have effects on crime. Furthermore, the sociological perspective claims that human beings are very social beings, signifying that society greatly impacts our behavior, attitude and life chances....   [tags: Sociology, Criminology, Crime, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1359 words (3.9 pages)

Emile Durkheim and Max Weber Comparison Essay example

- Emile Durkheim and Max Weber both appealed to me in the reading of chapter 1. They both have similarities and differences on their approaches to sociology. While reading the background of Emile, I found it fascinating how he studied sociology in a way that he put together the individual dimensions and added them together to better understand a society or social group. The case of suicide rates and religion. This one case can be analyzed through other elements, such as careers. For instance, the type of profession can be studied....   [tags: Sociology]

Better Essays
477 words (1.4 pages)

Karl Marx And Emile Durkheim 's Theory Of Alienation Essay

- Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim are two great men of all time. Their knowledge and views on social issues have influence the development of sociology. This commentary will examine and contrast two theories - Marx’s theory of alienation and Durkheim’s theory of anomie and apply modern social issues to traditional sociological theory. Marx theory of alienation had embedded in social structure that was due to capitalism. He stated that, before the great transformation, the market was serving the society, people where connecting and communicating through the trading and barter system....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, Religion]

Better Essays
796 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about Emile Durkheim And Karl Marx

- Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx Throughout time, sociologists have studied our social behaviors and developed theories to explain such behaviors. Two of the most well-known sociologists are Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx. One of the most important thing that they have both studied that we have examined in class is capitalism and the division of labor, and how it affects the individual and the collective. Although their ideas were different, they each presented evidence to prove their theories about this topic....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Socialism]

Better Essays
914 words (2.6 pages)

Essay The Theory Of International Human Rights Law

- Throughout centuries we as a society have always had an unhealthy devotion to law, whether it be how it has been brought out, what is seen as being applicable as law, and how it provides a broad understanding of the law and kinship that is required to fully understand the different concepts and rituals that law provides. Many different sociologists and anthropologist have developed their own theories regarding how law is defined to them and more importantly how it’s power is distributed towards other members of society....   [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Law, Karl Marx]

Better Essays
1442 words (4.1 pages)

Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel: The Relationship between Society and the Individual

- Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel: The Relationship between Society and the Individual Each of the four classical theorists Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel had different theories of the relationship between society and the individual. It is the objective of this paper to critically evaluate the sociological approaches of each theory to come to a better understanding of how each theorist perceived such a relationship and what it means for the nature of social reality.      Karl Marx noted that society was highly stratified in that most of the individuals in society, those who worked the hardest, were also the ones who received the least from the benefits of their labor....   [tags: Marx Weber Durkheim Simmel Sociology Essays]

Better Essays
3473 words (9.9 pages)

Durkheim 's Durkheim And Marx Approach On Class Conflict Essay

- “The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings. The inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.” (Winston Churchill??). Despite the differences between the two types of societies, they both concern the sharing of wealth and the circumstances under which it is acquired. They also deal with class conflict and ways in which it could be resolved. Theorist’s Durkheim and Marx approach this matter differently. Durkheim, employed a functionalist approach on class conflict believing that it was generated by anomie and modern society could only function if every part of the society worked cohesively....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Socialism, Marxism]

Better Essays
749 words (2.1 pages)

Karl Marx, Durkheim, And Max Weber Essays

- Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber were all pioneers in the area of sociology. Individually, Marx, Durkheim, and Weber contributed to the shaping of sociology as a field. Each had differing ideologies and concepts that ranged from mortality to society, to love, and so forth. All three theorists came up with concepts that applied to the societies that they lived in, and still apply to our current society. Within this essay, Marx’s idea of alienation and how it affects social classes will be discussed....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Marxism, Max Weber]

Better Essays
719 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Marx, Durkheim, Weber and Sociology

- The theoretical works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber still influence sociological theory. Though their works are decades old they still are a major part of what sociology is today. Though their theories can seem very different, there are some similarities. To become a great sociologist one most learn and understands how to use all sociological perspectives. To do this one must understand and use the different theoretical perspectives created by Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. Karl Marx theoretical perspective on conflict is by far one the most interesting theories in sociology....   [tags: Sociology Essays]

Better Essays
1667 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about Karl Marx, Max Weber And Emile Durkheim

- Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim all offered differing perspectives on the division of labor. Marx claims that the division of labor is motivated by the market. Weber claims that it developed through the industrious essence of the Protestant ethic. Durkheim claims it developed due to an increase in dynamic density. Each theorist argues that the division of labor impacts society using differing methods. The challenge is the management of attaching different values without causation of detriment to the system....   [tags: Sociology, Marxism, Émile Durkheim, Max Weber]

Better Essays
1653 words (4.7 pages)