Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli And John Calvin Essay

Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli And John Calvin Essay

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In the 15th and 16th century, there had been three shining starts in the history of Christian Protestant Reformation. They are Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. All of them made outstanding contributions to the Reformation.
Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer who was the catalyst of the 16th-century Protestant Reformation. He was born in Germany. He went Latin school and then to the University of Erfurt to study law when he was only 13 years old. Martin earned both his baccalaureate and master 's degrees there. Then in 1505, his life took a dramatic turn. As he fought his way through a severe thunderstorm on the road, a lightning struck the ground near him. He was scared and screamed "Help me, St. Anne, I will become a monk." For this vow, Martin joined the Erfurt 's Augustinian monastery in spite of his father 's opposition. Martin was extraordinarily successful as a monk. He followed every rules and plunged into ascetic practices. Although he had done penance every day, he was unable to get spiritual comfort. His main problem was "How can I get the mercy of God?" Later, he became a professor at Wittenberg University. It is during the teaching that he started to see a way through his dilemma. After meditating day and night, he began to understand that the righteousness of God is that through which the righteous live by a gift of God, namely by faith. From Martin 's point of view, the church should be the community of people who had been given faith. In addition, faith is not only assent with the church 's teachings but also trust the promises of God a nd the merits of Christ. In 1517, Martin changed his last name Luder to Luther, which means free people to express his inner turning. Mea...


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...d the light of truth while studying the Bible and seeing their responsibilities for the society. All of them made outstanding contributions to the Reformation. For instance, Calvin sent at least 88 church planters to his native country of France. In the church, he has been a major influence on leading figures such as evangelist George Whitefield and theologian Karl Barth, as well as entire movements, such as Puritanism. Outside the church, his ideas have been blamed for and credited with the rise of capitalism, individualism, and democracy. It is their influence that their successors let this unique branch of the Reformation continued to blossom. After knowing the life of these three Reformer, I know that the development of religion will take a long time and need people to sacrifice themselves. I admire what they did, and want to be a innovative person like them.

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