Martin Luther The Great Reformer Biography

Martin Luther The Great Reformer Biography

Length: 1376 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Book Report
Martin Luther The Great Reformer
By: J. A. Morrison

On November 10, 1483, Martin Luther was born. His parents were Hans and Margaret Luther. Martin came from a poor family. The Luther's were Germans. They lived in the Thuringian Mountains near Eisleben. Martin Luther was still a small baby when his parents moved from Eisleben to Mansfeld, where his father found work in the mines. Martin, his brother, and his three sisters didn't have the easiest childhood to grow up with. Their parents taught them religion. Luther's parents were devout Catholics and their strenuous and even unmerciful discipline of their children, they believed, was the very best for the children's welfare. So when Martin or his siblings did anything wrong, they were beat as a punishment.
Hans Luther wanted to give his children better education than he has himself growing up. They started to teach Martin as soon as they could. Even if he was at home he was always learning. But in school because the schoolteachers were ignorant, he received fifteen whippings one morning at school. Martin referred the name of "school" to "hell and purgatory". When the schoolmasters at Mansfeld were through pounding Latin into Luther with a stick, he was getting ready to go to Magdeburg for school. Because Luther was so poor to have money for his own expenses, Luther had to sing in the streets. It was common for Luther to see other students as poor as him standing in front of wealthy citizen houses. Sometimes they were invited to come in for some food. He stayed in Magdeburg for about one year before moving to Eisenach and going to a school known as The School Of St. George. Ursula Cotta heard Luther singing in the street for money. So she and her Husband, Conrad, invited Luther to come into their beautiful home and share its comforts with them. Then in about May of 1501, Luther enrolled as a student at Erfurt. Then in 1502, he took the degree of Bachelor of Arts and three years later that of Master of Arts.
Luther had been hunted by fears that God's wrath was being stored up against him. Luther didn't look to the Bible for an answer to his burning question.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Martin Luther The Great Reformer Biography." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Jun 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=160336>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Biography of Martin Luther King Jr.

- Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B....   [tags: Martin Luther King Civil Rights Movement Essays]

Free Essays
875 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Biography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

- Biography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Jan. 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968 Nationality: American Occupation: civil rights leader Occupation: minister (religion) Michael King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in the Atlanta home of his maternal grandfather, Adam Daniel Williams (1863 — 1931). He was the second child and the first son of Michael King Sr. (1897 — 1984) and Alberta Christine Williams King (1903 — 1974). Michael Jr. had an older sister, Willie Christine (b. 1927), and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams (b....   [tags: Martin Luther King Civil Rights Essays]

Research Papers
4066 words (11.6 pages)

Essay about A Biography of Martin Luther King Jr.

- A Biography of Martin Luther King Jr. "I have a dream…" are the famous words stated by Martin Luther King Jr. on August 28th, 1963 in civil rights movement speech (King). Although King expressed his feelings on that summer day in 1963, his ideas directly reflect his life previous to the speech and have a huge impact on many people even today. Throughout his life, King devoted so much time to the civil rights movement due to his many limits by segregation laws as he was growing up, in addition to the many influences of both people and his religion throughout his life....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1362 words (3.9 pages)

Essay about Martin Luther King Jr.

- In this world, there are a lot of people who showed great courage and tried to make the world a better place. Among these people, one of them is Martin Luther King Jr. He made the world a better place for black citizens by doing non-violence movements and marched the way to freedom. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta Georgia as Michael King Jr., but changed his name to Martin Luther King Jr. in honor of Protestant Martin Luther. Through his activism, King played a pivotal role in ending the legal discrimination of African American citizens....   [tags: Biography]

Research Papers
878 words (2.5 pages)

Brief Biography of Martin Luther Essay

- Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483, in Eisleben, Germany. His parents Hans and Maragarette Luther were of peasant linage, but Hans had some success as a miner and an ore smelter. In 1484, the Luthers moved to nearby Mansfeld where Hans held successful ore deposits. Hans knew that the mining industry was a tough business and wanted his son to have a more promising fortune and to become a lawyer. At the age of seven, Martin Luther entered the local school at Mansfeld. At the age of 14, Martin Luther went up north to Magdeburg, to continue his studies....   [tags: Priest, Catholicism, Religion]

Research Papers
790 words (2.3 pages)

Martin Luther King Jr. Essay

- Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. not only spoke with purpose but also with a style unlike any others. He was an inspirational speaker and a motivational leader. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., due to his importance in the civil rights movement of the 1950's and 1960's, motivated masses with his tremendous speeches and actions. Dr. King utilized his charisma and inspirational tactics to change the views and beliefs of a nation and to lead his people throughout their course of the civil rights movement....   [tags: Biography Biographies King Luther Essays]

Research Papers
2919 words (8.3 pages)

Essay on Biography of Martin Luther King

- Biography of Martin Luther King The Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15,1929 (9). Martin Luther King Jr. began nursery school at the very young age of three years old in 1932 (5). After attending elementary school for one year Martin Luther King got expelled from school after his second grade teacher found out that he was only five years old which was a year too young to be in second grade in 1934 (5). The Reverend Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. began attending high school at the thirteen in 1942 (5)....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
513 words (1.5 pages)

Biography of Martin Luther Essay

- Biography of Martin Luther Martin Luther , who was born in 1483,remains in history known as on of the few unique forces that changed the world fundamentally by force of will and by his ideas. The people who support him call him the “Protestant hero, a freedom fighter, and a wise insightful church leader.” But there are many people who do not like and the names they call him are a “heretic, an apostate, and a profane ecclesiastical terrorist.” Often Luther called himself a simple monk or a simple Christian....   [tags: Protestant Reformation World History Essays]

Free Essays
1134 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Martin Luther King

- The month of May is set aside each year to celebrate African American History. When you think of Black History month, the first thing that we all think about is the historical speech, “I have a dream”. However, he did so much more than just present the speech that we all are familiar with had moral values that he stood for and was the leader of many civil right movements. This man is known as Martin Luther King. He was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin Jr.’s parents were Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr....   [tags: Biography ]

Research Papers
982 words (2.8 pages)

Martin Luther Essay

- Who was Martin Luther. Martin Luther was a German Monk, Priest, Professor, and Theologian who reformed the church. His teaching triggered the reformation and has made him an essential figure in European history. He was born in Eisleben on November 1483 where he grew up as a copper miner's son and later received a bachelor's degree at the University of Erfurt. When he nearly escaped death he vowed to become a monk and joined a monastery but found little peace in God as he had expected. Luther was anticipating becoming a professor at a university but began to challenge the ideas imposed by the church....   [tags: Biography]

Research Papers
1921 words (5.5 pages)

Related Searches

He has been taught to look to the Roman Catholic Church for the answer. It advised him to become a monk if he would be perfect and have a great reward in heaven. Luther struggled to figure out what to do with his life. He wanted to be perfect in heaven but he didn't really want to be a monk. Certain happenings in Erfurt seemed to warn him that the end was near for him. So he left the university and went home. On July 2, when he was returning to the university, he was overtaken by a severe thunderstorm. Luther actually thought the devil was after him. Luther made a vow that he would become a monk and the battle was over. When he told his friends they tried to talk him out of it but Luther made up his mind and was sticking with it. Luther soon found out that not all monks were good people. Luther's father was furious when he found out that Martin had become a monk. In February 1507, Martin was ordained a Priest. Than in May, when Martin celebrated his first mass. His father came with some friends and gave his son a present from him. When Martin tried to explain why he choice this life. All his father could say was "Have you not heard that a man should honor his parents?" In Wittenberg they were building a new University and invited Martin to become a lecturer on moral philosophy.
While Martin was lecturing at Wittenberg University was one of the happiest time in his life. Then a dispute started so Luther was chosen to go to Rome to talk to the Pope about this problem. Luther and John Von Mecheln of Nuremberg set off to Rome with each other. Their walk there was hard. Several times they thought that they would never make it to the great city. Luther spent four weeks in Rome. When he heard stories of the very corrupt life of Alexander VI, who had been Pope until about seven years before Luther's visit. And when he heard people who make fun of those who were trying to live holy lives. He was mad and upset. He said, "If there is a hell, Rome is built over it." When in Rome, Luther visited the chapel Sancta Sanctorum. When he was making it up the flight of stairs he never felt any better. Then he heard "The just shall live by faith." This is when Luther started to begin to see that faith in Jesus Christ and His divine power will save, and bring peace to the soul, when climbing so-called "holy-steps" fails.
Luther was made a regular professor after his return from Rome. Luther became professor of theology at Wittenberg University. He studied and took part in practical, religious, and social questions of the times, and tired to use his learning for the betterment of these departments of life. John Tatzel, who was an agent of the Pope of Rome, came up into Germany to sell indulgences everywhere. Tatzel claimed to be greater than St. Peter. He told people that as soon as there money rattled in the collection-chest, their loved ones where lifted out of purgatory. This made Martin Luther extremely furious. He was determined to do what he had to do to keep the poor people from being deceived and robbed of their money. This is when Luther wrote out his famous ninety-five theses. Some may say that on October 31,1517, (the day after the Feast of All Saints) was the day when the great Lutheran Reformation began. With a crowd of people that day Luther nailed a set of his ninety-five theses to the wooden church door. Then soon after Luther's name was a household word in all Europe.
When Pope Leo heard about the theses, he thought a drunken man had done the work and soon would realize the wrong he has done. When he found out it was Martin Luther he sent Cardinal Cajetan to tell Luther to come to the trail about his theses. The trail was to be held in Augsburg before a court of the Romish representatives. He also made it very clear that no one was to house or hide Martin or they also would be punished. When Martin heard of this he thought that he would never return alive. The Cardinal asked Luther to admit that he was wrong, and Luther refused. The Pope then decided to send Charles von Miltitz to come talk to Luther. Miltitz found out that three out of four people were in favor of Luther's movement. When Luther and Miltitz met they decided that Luther should write a note to the Pope and apologize. Miltitz was to also write to the Pope, and tell his that an adjustment had been made. All Luther had to do was keep quit. But soon Eck and Luther were debating at Leipzig. It became clear that the breach between Luther and the Roman Catholic Church was growing wider and wider. In 1520, Luther wrote his famous Address to the German Nobility. Luther quoted scriptures from the Bible to prove his point and very soon he dismissed the three walls of the Roman Catholic Church. Later, he wrote his Treatise on Christian Liberty. Luther had now broken the last cord that bound him to the Romish Church. He had assailed her doctrines, ridiculed her practices, and defied her authority.
Return to 123HelpMe.com