The most important reason why the Luther movement fell apart after 1521, was because of his reluctance to not use violence as a call for action. He reminded citizens to trust God’s word rather than violence to bring about necessary change. Radical reformers and people from different social classes did not share his view, their reason was that that their voice can only be heard by using force. As Thomas Muntzer argues:
“It is to be understood that poor, miserable, disintegrating Christendom can neither be counseled nor assisted unless diligent, indefatigable servants of God promote the Bible daily by reciting, reading and preaching. But if this is done, the head of many a pampered cleric must either suffer a continuous rain of hard blows ... How can this be avoided when Christendom is being so terribly devastated by ravaging wolves?”
Thomas Muntzer rejected Luther and his vi...
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... War in 1568.
Overall, the main reasons why Luther’s reform movement splintered after 1521 was mainly because of different views held by different types of Protestant reformers. Radical reformers thought that force was necessarily to get the message across, while others did not share the same views as Luther on specific points in church reforms. Which brings over to the fact that the reason why Protestants were not unified, was because different countries turned Protestant for different reasons. Germans became Protestant because the peasants resented how they were treated by the clergy. The English became Protestants because of King Henry VIII break off from the Catholic Church. John Calvin and the French had his own ideas of what Christianity and the church should be, so he did not want to follow Luther’s vision, the same could be said for Zwingli and Switzerland.
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