As observed by Carlye A. Thayer, the general strategic outlook in the Asia Pacific region is positive over the next decade , nonetheless, there is significant naval expansion in the Asia Pacific Region in the 2000s. Richard A. Bitzinger noted that “From Japan to Southeast Asia to India, regional maritime forces have been adding new capabilities...
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...purpose fighter jets, battlefield tanks, helicopters and submarines the same year. The aggressive military modernization by many member state of ASEAN was to resume their procurement program that was disrupted by the 1997 financial crisis. Moreover, ASEAN economic recovered and in 1999, the ASEAN economic growth rate was about 5%. Most of the ASEAN countries enjoyed positive economic growth rates between 3%-8% and the sustainable economic growth encouraged ASEAN countries to increase defense and military spending (see: Figure 1 & 2 shows the increase in maritime related arms procurement among). Malaysia’s military expenditure increased from US$ 1.7 billion to US$ 3.5 billion and Indonesia’s from US$ 2.2 billion to US$ 4.2 billion between 2002 and 2007; and Singapore’s expenditure increased from US$ 4.6 billion to US$ 6.1 billion between 2000 and 2007.
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- After the cold war ended, the Asia Pacific Region witnessed new developments in ocean management, related to 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea (UNCLOS) and countries’ to claim ownership over maritime space and marine resources. Though the prospects of interstate wars are diminishing, inter-state tensions arising from extensive claims of maritime boundaries are common. As such, it became imperative for states to strengthen their navies and to deploy their naval missions beyond the territorial waters in order to secure their interests and sovereignty.... [tags: Navy]
1211 words (3.5 pages)
- Maritime boundary and territorial Issues Several ASEAN countries are engaged in maritime demarcation disputes with one another. The most important of these involve Thailand’s tense relationship with Myanmar, the Philippines’ dispute with Malaysia over the province of Sabah, the competing claims of the Philippines, Malaysia, and Vietnam in the South China Sea, territorial disputes between Malaysia and Indonesia and Malaysia and Thailand, and tension between Singapore and Malaysia. Maritime boundary demarcation has significant influence on ASEAN member states relation.... [tags: International Government ]
1961 words (5.6 pages)
- The Fourth IPCC Assessment Report shows high confidence that the world is warming. Small island countries, developing countries and Least Developed countries remain most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. For countries like the Marshall Island, with atoll islands situated just a few meters high from sea level, any uncontrolled sea-level rise has the potential to submerge land areas. Furthermore, climate change impacts could include increased tropical cyclone activities and coastal erosion.... [tags: Global Warming Essays]
2034 words (5.8 pages)
- According to National Geographic Society (2016), “a boundary is a real or imaginary line that separates two things. However, in geography, boundaries separate different regions of the Earth”. Also, a country or territory has different types of boundaries; they can be physical, cultural and political, among others. Physical boundary is a naturally occurring divide between two areas, this includes: rivers, mountain ranges, oceans, and deserts (Types of Boundaries: Physical & Cultural, n.d.). “A cultural boundary is a boundary line that runs along differences in ethnicity, such as language and religion” (Types of Boundaries: Physical & Cultural, n.d.).... [tags: United States, Economics]
922 words (2.6 pages)
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2774 words (7.9 pages)
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3051 words (8.7 pages)
- Background Maritime security traditionally focuses on maritime disputes, naval competition, Sea lines of communication (SLOCs), War at sea . The modern maritime securities after the cold war and 9/11 have been significantly changing and more complex, which is involving worldwide collaboration and mutual understanding . The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) has been managing maritime issues fundamentally for years and acceptable as the basic convention on solving maritime dilemmas.... [tags: Maritime Security ]
3241 words (9.3 pages)
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1284 words (3.7 pages)
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2798 words (8 pages)
- ... The example used shows a practitioner visiting a client in hospital as a figure of support, not a token of friendship, which was quickly addressed in the clients next session. This example shows movement of a boundary that was beneficial to the client’s wellbeing and shows a commitment to the client’s treatment from the practitioner (AIPTC 2010) The second article (Zur 2004, pp. 27-32) discusses if crossing a boundary is helpful or harmful to the client in clinical settings as well as dual relationships.... [tags: ethnic boundaries, therapeutic relationship]
979 words (2.8 pages)