During the last century of the Roman republic, the system of government was drastically changed and eventually fell apart, not only because of Marius and his military reforms, but also because of the dictatorship and proscriptions of Sulla, seven consulships of Marius, political alliances of the first and second triumvirates and the growing corruption and ineptitude of the senate.
By allowing more people into the army, giving them a personal reason to join, and forcing them to grow stronger, Marius made the military considerably more effective, which naturally lead to the swift gaining of territory and the transition of Rome from republic to empire, and thereby was responsible for the fall of the Roman republic. Marius was a strong military leader, and as consul he made changes to the way Rome was governed, especially in regards to the army. In 107BC he removed the land requirement for joining the army. This meant that poorer people could join, and allowed the army to grow an incredible amount. On top of allowing more people to join the army, Marius created an incentive for the plebs with the introduction of of pensions. After completing their term in the army each soldier received a pension from their general, and a plot of land from the newly conquered territory to settle in. Another motive for people to join the army was the gift of citizenship to the Italian allies following their service in the army. As well as giving the army more soldiers and more motivation, Marius strengthened the individual soldiers by making each person carry their own supplies. This made the men physically stronger and more disciplined and allowed them to be even ...
... middle of paper ...
...ointed consul five consecutive times. Usually within the republic people were only allowed to serve more than one consulship after 10 years had passed, but Marius was given this rank on several occasions to deal with crises such as the invasion of a native army and the war with Jugurtha. Not only did the senate give him the role for five years straight, he was also elected in absentia, when he was fighting near Marseille. In absentia elections weren’t unheard of in Rome at this time, but they were incredibly unusual. While he is responsible for standing for the consulship, the senate were under no real obligation to give it to him. Successfully fighting to save Rome was something that warranted being granted a Triumph, not an excessive time in office, thus the fact that he was granted it shows the senate lapsed in obedience to the rules of the Republic.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Fall of the Republic was more than a solitary man or occasion. It was a perfection of a few individual activities or accomplishments, combined with social conditions that weighed vigorously on Roman culture. Furthermore, gigantic and quick development from Rome 's establishment as a juvenile city 700 years prior until the mid first century BC, made fantastic openings in the political and administering capacity of the Senate. Times of security were blended in with those of close fall while effective commanders or inciters of the Roman horde maneuver for position.... [tags: Roman Republic, Julius Caesar]
1134 words (3.2 pages)
- The Fall of the Republic was more than a single man, but Julius Caesar was definitely to blame for being a large part of the destruction of the Roman Republic. Caesar was responsible for the fall of the Republic for several reasons, the the civil war from which the Republic never really recovered in January of 49 BC, Caesar 's appointment as dictator for life in 44 BC, and bringing into power the many of the men who would be important in the next set of civil wars. What helped start the civil war was the death of Caesar 's daughter, Julia, in 54 BC.... [tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Republic, Augustus]
1305 words (3.7 pages)
- The fall of the Roman Republic was an event that forever changed the face of the Roman world. It ushered in a new age of dictatorship. Men like Cicero did not want people such as Caesar to become dictators. His letters record the events of the day and his opinions of what was happening, and his thoughts on the events of that era. Cicero felt that the Republic fell because of Caesar’s lust for power, and it was his obligation as a Roman to do his best to challenge his ideas on changing the Republic into dictatorship.... [tags: Roman Empire, Julius Caesar, Augustus]
1817 words (5.2 pages)
- The Weimar Republic would have continued to be a functional government far longer than achieved if not for the defeat of WWI, the economic burdens imposed by the Versailles Treaty, and the flawed Article 48 which all contributed to the down fall of Germany’s first attempt at a legitimate Democracy. This paper will argue that the societal, economical, and constitutional aspects all played a role in the hopeless Democracy Germany attempted which ultimately lead Germany into a totalitarian state that would further shake the world with the rise of the NSDAP and Adolf Hitler.... [tags: World History ]
1406 words (4 pages)
- What is the ideal state. This question has sparked debate since the very formation of organized political society. In Plato’s The Republic, Plato seeks to define justice and in doing so he seeks to explain the ideal just state. In Plato’s explanation of an ideal state, there is an extreme emphasis on unity and harmony. The reason unity and harmony are so important to Plato are because they are responsible for bonding together Plato’s ideal state and protecting it from tyranny. Plato explains at great length the framework which ties together the individual soul with the ideal political society.... [tags: The Republic]
1874 words (5.4 pages)
- Short History of Marian Devotion in Vietnam Beginning of the Vietnamese Marian Devotion In the seventeenth century, Fr. Alexandre de Rhodes—the founder of Vietnamese Catholic Church, and Western missionaries laid a strong foundation of Marian devotion in Vietnam. In his catechetical book, Cathechismvs, Rhodes explained the importance of Mary in the salvation history. He also taught believers how to venerate appropriately by practicing “kowtow,” a traditional gesture. He titled Mary as “The Very Holy Virgin, the Noble Sovereign Mary, the Mother of the Noble Lord of Heaven.” Therefore, male and female congregations have promoted the devotion among the Catholics.... [tags: salvation history, catholic church]
921 words (2.6 pages)
- How was it possible that under the dictatorship and after the deification of Julius Caesar the Roman republic fell, when it had been structurally sound for four centuries before. When the republic was established around the end of the 6th century B.C.E., the Romans made clear that they wished to avoid all semblance of the monarchy that had ruled for two centuries before. (T.J. Cornell, The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC), London and New York: Routledge, 1995; p.... [tags: Fall of Roman Empire]
2913 words (8.3 pages)
- The fall of the United Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the most ground shaking events of the twentieth century. Not only did the world’s largest nation by land mass disintegrate, but also the future viability of communist political thought and governmental structure. From the ashes of that failed utopian came a number of new constitutional democracies, where once voiceless citizens could be heard and ultimately elect the leaders which would steer these newly created governments into the twenty first century and beyond.... [tags: United Soviet Socialist Republic, history, ]
2612 words (7.5 pages)
- Final Story Every culture in this world has a somewhat different meaning for the idea of superiority. In capitalistic America, some people consider those who have established businesses and acquired wealth to be superior. Meanwhile in some cultures in Africa, the superior being is the person who has acquired the most land. This idea of a varying superiority is also a resounding theme in Plato’s The Republic (TR) and Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart (TFA). In TR, superiority is simply being knowledgeable; however, in TFA, superiority goes to the individuals who fit their definition of being the manliest.... [tags: Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe, Plato]
1033 words (3 pages)
- Much ink from the historians’ pens has been spilled seeking to explain the reasons behind the fall of the Roman Republic. As Gruen notes, “from Montesquieu to Mommsen, from Thomas Arnold to Eduard Meyer…the Republic’s calamity has summoned forth speculation on a grand scale. How had it come about?” (1) Certainly, from one perspective, it can be said that the attraction of this event is to a degree overstated: it is based on the belief of the stability of political systems, of the deterrence of the possibility of radical changes in political worldviews and general social arrangements and structures.... [tags: Empire, Anarchy, Collapse]
948 words (2.7 pages)