The Marco Polo Bridge Incident Essay

The Marco Polo Bridge Incident Essay

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Vocabulary Axis Expansion
1. The Marco Polo Bridge Incident marked the beginning of further Japanese expansion in China. In the July of 1937, the Japanese conducted training without a notice, and the startled Chinese and the Japanese exchanged fire. One Japanese soldier from the small squabble was missing, and the Japanese accused the Chinese of taking him captive, demanding a full search of the area. The Chinese denied it, offering one soldier to accompany their thorough search of the area.
Although this incident could have died down, but tensions ran high. On July 7, a Japanese infantry unit opened fire at Wanping, the city the Marco Polo Bridge was located. Soon, both sides sent troops to fight near the bridge, and soon the city was shelled by July 20. The war began on July 25 when both armies committed to fighting.
2. Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, Hiryu, Shokaku, and Zuikaku were the six large Japanese aircraft carriers that helped the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941. The six carriers could launch a total of 408 aircraft, including 48 “Zero” fighters, planes designed well for launching from carriers. Although the six carriers, combined with four minor carriers, seemed to be advantageous over the measly two the US possessed, the six larger carriers would be damaged soon and the US would build more. Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu were all sunk in the US victory at the Battle of Midway, shot down by torpedoes. Shokaku was damaged severely in the Battle of Coral Sea and sunk in the Battle of Philippine Sea. Zuikaku was the last to be sunk, in 1944 at the Battle of Cape Engaño.
3. USS Arizona

4. Doolittle’s Raid

5. Battle of Coral Sea was one of the first major naval battles between the United States and Japan, a four-d...


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...940, ceding part of the western land and an area for a Soviet naval base on the Hanko peninsula, at the southern tip of Finland.
14. Operation Dynamo was the British plan to evacuate the soldiers trapped by the Nazi forces in northern France and Belgium. Luckily, the Nazis stopped moving momentarily in order to accumulate more forces to defeat the trapped forces quicker. With the help of many boat-owning civilians in the English Channel, almost ten times the expected number of survivors escaped from the salient. Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of Britain, in his speech about the operation, discussed the extent that the citizens could assist the war effort, the advancement of technological warfare. Although the operation was enacted due to a military crisis, he managed to sell the operation as a huge success; this type of speech would continue throughout the war.

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