President John Adams and the Federalist lost the election to Thomas Jefferson. The lame-duck Federalist of Congress enacted a Judiciary Act. The act created 58 new judgeships that Adams appointed. Forty two included justiceships of the peace. “Jefferson complained that the Federalist ‘have retired into the judiciary as a stronghold’” (Black, n.d.). Towards the end of Adams presidency, many people beside Marbury were appointed to government positions. Acting Secretary of the State John Marshall had affixed the official seal for the justices of the peace to the commissions. However they did not get delivered until the day after Adams left office. The day after Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated; James Madison was the new Secretary of State was directed to withhold delivery of the commissions which included William Marbury and 16 others. Murbury sued to have his commission handed over by Madison. Because of the Presidential seal of the United States, Marbury had the right to judicial review because the seal made it official. The Supreme Court was in charge of all cases that included public ministers, consuls and ambassadors. Having this case gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review.
Central government is the decision...
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Black, C. (n.d.). Exploring Constitutional Conflicts. Retrieved March 17, 2010, from www.law2.umkc.edu: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/judicialrev.htm
Meadows, N. (2001). England's Government. Retrieved March 17, 2011, from www.library.thinkquest.org: http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112187/england_government.htm
PGCPS. (n.d.). Government Systems: Unitary, Confederate, and Federal Systems. Retrieved March 17, 2011, from www. pgcps.org: www.pgcps.org/~croom2/Reading_Government%20Systems.doc
Quirk, W., & Bridwell, B. (1996). Judicial Dictatorship. Retrieved March 17, 2011, from www.mises.org: http://mises.org/misesreview_detail.aspx?control=134
State, U. D. (n.d.). Backgroun Note: The Netherlands. Retrieved March 17, 2011, from www.state.gov: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3204.htm
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