With some street gangs being relatively harmless, there are others such as Mara Salvatrucha that are becoming more fierce and territorial. The beginning of the MS-13 can be traced to Los Angles in the 1980s. * At first, Salvadoran families fled their country to escape the civil war, “that left more than 70,000 people dead and displaced a fifth of the population.” (Abadinsky, 188). “El Salvador is one of the poorest countries in Latin America with almost half of its population living in poverty.” (Abadinsky, 188). With the United States being known as the Land of Opportunity, the war and poverty combination was a good reason for Salvadorans to enter the U.S. and call it “home.”
Initially, members of the Mara Salvatrucha were a group of Salvadorans that “banned together for support and protection from other gangs already present in Los Angles...” (Kindt, Post, and Schneider, 248). Common gang initiation for a prospective member is being beaten by several gang members, also called “jumped in” described in Gangs and Law Enforcement. (Schmidt, 39). Immediately, these new gang members have been introd...
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...s Most Threatening Terrorist Networks and Criminal Gangs.” PALGRAVE MACMILLAN. 2009. Print.
Mitchell, Mitch. “Star-Telegram: 67 gang members arrested in North Texas”. 14 June 2011. Web. 11 November 2011.
“MS 13 GANG.COM: MS 13 in Texas.” January 2010. Web. 11 November 2011. < http://ms13gang.com/index.html >
Schmidt, Linda M.. “Gangs and Law Enforcement”. Charles C. Thomas- PUBLISHER, LTD. 2007. Print.
Wilber, Del Quentin. “The Washington Post: The Crime Scene”. 11 January 2010. Web. 11 November 2011. < http://voices.washingtonpost.com/crime- scene/gangs/ms-13-gang-out-to-kill-rape-an.html>
* No specific reference provided since this information is practically in all sources and becomes common knowledge after doing lots of reading on the subject.
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