Mao Zedong Of The 20th Century Essay examples

Mao Zedong Of The 20th Century Essay examples

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Chairman Mao Zedong is one of the most brutal, if not the most, brutal dictator of the 20th century China. He killed more people than Stalin and Hitler combined, justified by the prospect of national progress and reversing the shame done in China by Imperial powers during the late 19th century – early 20th century. His draconian policies to rapidly industrialize China caused more than 30 million Chinese deaths. Even before his death, the international community spearhead by the American anti-communist sentiments, criticized him for all the values he represented: the evilness of a communist society. Meanwhile, at home front, he is revered like a God, due to the intense propaganda surrounding his cult of personality. Everything he did was for the people of the country. Mao once said, “The people, and the people alone are the motive force in the making of world history”. However, in reality, some of the authors depicted him living the lifestyle of an emperor and morally corrupted, coming from someone that was in his inner circle. Is this how a revolutionary leader that represents the people should behave? On the other side of the spectrum, some biographical authors remained somewhat neutral in their depiction of Mao. They criticized him for the deaths he caused, while praised him for being a military genius, philosopher, visionary, statesman and poet, with the ability to rally the crowd to support a specific goal to produce remarkable achievements, such as the victory over the Nationalist government, headed by Chiang-Kai-Shek. This paper will examine the cause of change in the depiction of Mao as a leader and philosopher throughout the years, starting from 1965 to 2012.
Born the son of a wealthy farmer in Shaoshan, Hunan, Mao adopte...

... middle of paper ...

...ading role in the Cultural Revolution.
He was being venerated like a divine being. With everything taken into account, Dr. Li derided Mao in the book; he reprimanded him for being intolerance towards independent counsel, for his assault on individuals ' livelihood, the corruption, and hypocrisies of Mao 's internal circle. Dr. Li stated, “All of China was wearing Mao buttons and carrying his little red book and reciting his quotations and even the simplest transaction in a shop had to include a recitation from Mao’s words.” Chairman Mao’s thought was not just the country’s guiding ideology, it was its collective mantra. Mao’s Great Leap Forward had also resulted in the worst famine in human history; we know that around 25 or 30 million people died, a conservative estimate. By this time, Mao’s role as the greatest evil in modern Chinese history has been established.

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