After the validation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Mao Zedong as the Chairman of PRC and the Communist Party held most political power in China. By using his tremendous influence in China, Mao conducted a series of nationwide movements in order to rapidly reform China’s politics, economy and culture. However, instead of leading China to a more hopeful future, Mao pushed China into a period of darkness. Many historical evidences showed that Mao had brought more pain than happiness to Chinese people. No matter how many great things Mao did in his earlier years, the mistakes that Mao made in the 100 Flower Campaign, the Great Leap Forward, ad the Cultural Revolution, can neither be forgotten nor forgiven. Mao’s irritable, skeptical personalities and his endless desire of power became the significant elements that prevented him from being a selfless and rational leader.
It seemed that the 100 Flowers Campaign in 1957 offered a lot more space for people to talk about politics, but in fact it was not. Mao’s love of preserving the public praise for the Communist Party exceeded his love of protecting people’s freedom of speech. Even though Mao asked everyone to criticize the Party included Mao himself, Mao soon conducted a new campaign to take hold of and punish the critics. Almost 3 million people, including many intellectuals and elites who were invited to help the Party to “drive out imperialist, control inflation, banish unemployment, end corruption, clean up the streets” (480) during the 100 Flower Campaign, were labeled “rightist” and were punished by the Party. Many of them lost their jobs, and sent to toil in the countryside (480). In the article “The One Whose...
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...gues jeer at and curse them” (484) Liu Shaoqi, another Communist leader who promoted the idea of revising China, was labeled “chief capitalist roader” and seized by Red Guard in1967. (484) Mao removed foreign things from the stores in the second phase of the Culture Revolution from 1968-1976 to reduce the effect from foreign countries on Chinese people. (487) If Mao loves his people, he won’t let the Red Guards mistreat and beat many people to death. If Mao was not egoistic, he won’t ruthless hurt his Party fellows.
Mao could have done better for the country. Mao’s contributions to China were significant, yet his mistakes could also shoot down many of his contributions. Mao in his late years already lost his ability to rationally manage the country. It’s sad to admit that Mao’s spoil for dominating the country eternally kept him away from loving his people sincerely.
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